افتح القائمة الرئيسية

قائمة الدول

قائمة ويكيميديا
(بالتحويل من بلدان العالم)
خريطة العالم لجميع الدول في العالم

قائمة الدول المستقلة أو دول ذات اعتراف محدود وعددها 206 دولة. تحتوي هذه القائمة على:

قائمة الدولعدل

Common and formal names Membership within the منظومة الأمم المتحدة[a] Sovereignty dispute[b] Further information on status and recognition of sovereignty[d]
A AAA A AAA A AAA
ZZZقائمة الدول الأعضاء في الأمم المتحدة and مراقبو الجمعية العامة للأمم المتحدة  [لغات أخرى] A AAA ZZZ
ZZZAbkhazia → Abkhazia A UN member state A None
  أفغانستان – Islamic Republic of Afghanistan A قائمة الدول الأعضاء في الأمم المتحدة A None
  ألبانيا – Republic of Albania A UN member state A None
  الجزائر – People's Democratic Republic of Algeria A UN member state A None
  أندورا – Principality of Andorra A UN member state A None

Andorra is a co-principality in which the office of head of state is jointly held ex officio by the رئيس فرنسا and the bishop of the Roman Catholic أبرشية أورغل,[2] who himself is appointed with approval from the الكرسي الرسولي.

  أنغولا – Republic of Angola A UN member state A None
  أنتيغوا وباربودا A UN member state A None

Antigua and Barbuda is a عالم كومنولث[e] with 1 autonomous region, باربودا.[f]

  الأرجنتين – Argentine Republic[g] A UN member state A None

Argentina is a دولة اتحادية of محافظات الأرجنتين.

  أرمينيا – Republic of Armenia A UN member state Not recognised by Pakistan.

Armenia is العلاقات الأرمينية الباكستانية by Pakistan due to the dispute over Artsakh.[4][5][6]

ZZZArtsakh → Artsakh A UN member state A None
  أستراليا – Commonwealth of Australia A UN member state A None

Australia is a عالم كومنولث[e] and a دولة اتحادية of ولايات وأقاليم أستراليا. The external territories of Australia are:

  النمسا – Republic of Austria A UN member state A None

Member of the الاتحاد الأوروبي.[c] Austria is a دولة اتحادية of ولايات النمسا.

  أذربيجان – Republic of Azerbaijan A UN member state A None

Azerbaijan contains one autonomous region, جمهورية نخجوان الذاتية [f] The de facto state of Artsakh has been established in the southwest of Azerbaijan.

  Bahamas, The – Commonwealth of The Bahamas[8] A UN member state A None

The Bahamas is a عالم كومنولث.[e]

  البحرين – Kingdom of Bahrain A UN member state A None
  بنغلاديش – People's Republic of Bangladesh A UN member state A None
  باربادوس A UN member state A None

Barbados is a عالم كومنولث.[e]

  بيلاروسيا – Republic of Belarus A UN member state A None
  بلجيكا – Kingdom of Belgium A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c] Belgium is a دولة اتحادية divided into linguistic communities and regions.

  بليز A UN member state A None

Belize is a عالم كومنولث.[e]

  بنين – Republic of Benin A UN member state A None
  بوتان – Kingdom of Bhutan A UN member state A None
  بوليفيا – Plurinational State of Bolivia A UN member state A None
  البوسنة والهرسك A UN member state A None

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a federation of two constituent units:

and منطقة برتشكو, a self-governing administrative unit.[9]

  بوتسوانا – Republic of Botswana A UN member state A None
  البرازيل – Federative Republic of Brazil A UN member state A None

Brazil is a دولة اتحادية of ولايات البرازيل.

  بروناي – Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace A UN member state A None
  بلغاريا – Republic of Bulgaria A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c]

  بوركينا فاسو A UN member state A None
Burma → Myanmar A UN member state A None
  بوروندي – Republic of Burundi A UN member state A None
  كمبوديا – Kingdom of Cambodia A UN member state A None
  الكاميرون – Republic of Cameroon A UN member state A None
  كندا[h] A UN member state A None

Canada is a عالم كومنولث[e] and a federation of مقاطعات وأقاليم كندا.

  الرأس الأخضر – Republic of Cabo Verde[i] A UN member state A None
  جمهورية أفريقيا الوسطى A UN member state A None
  تشاد – Republic of Chad A UN member state A None
  تشيلي – Republic of Chile A UN member state A None
  الصين – People's Republic of China[j] A UN member state Partially unrecognised. قالب:Claimedby

China contains five autonomous regions, قوانغشي, منغوليا الداخلية, نينغشيا, منطقة التبت ذاتية الحكم, and سنجان.[f] Additionally, it has sovereignty over the مناطق جمهورية الصين الشعبية الإدارية الخاصة of:

China claims, but does not control Taiwan, which is governed by a rival administration (the Republic of China) that claims all of China as its territory.[k]

China is not recognised by خطأ في التعبير: علامة ترقيم غير متعرف عليها "[" UN member states and the الكرسي الرسولي, which, with the exception of Bhutan, all recognise Taiwan instead.[l]

China, Republic of → Taiwan A UN member state A None
  كولومبيا – Republic of Colombia A UN member state A None
  جزر القمر – Union of the Comoros A UN member state A None

Comoros is a دولة اتحادية of 3 islands.[m]

  Congo, Democratic Republic of the[n] A UN member state A None
  Congo, Republic of the[o] A UN member state A None
ZZZCook Islands → Cook Islands A UN member state A None
  كوستاريكا – Republic of Costa Rica A UN member state A None
Côte d'Ivoire → Ivory Coast A UN member state A None
  كرواتيا – Republic of Croatia A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c]

  كوبا – Republic of Cuba A UN member state A None
  قبرص – Republic of Cyprus A UN member state Not recognised by Turkey[12]

Member of the EU.[c] The northeastern part of the island is the de facto state of Northern Cyprus.

Cyprus is not recognised by Turkey due to the نزاع قبرص, with Turkey recognising Northern Cyprus.

  التشيك[p] A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c]

Democratic People's Republic of Korea → Korea, North A UN member state A None
Democratic Republic of the Congo → Congo, Democratic Republic of the A UN member state A None
  الدنمارك – Kingdom of Denmark A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c] The الدنمارك includes 2 self-governing territories:

The continental territory of Denmark, the Faroe Islands, and Greenland form the three constituent countries of the Kingdom.[q] The Kingdom of Denmark as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law does not apply to the Faroe Islands and Greenland.[13][14]

  جيبوتي – Republic of Djibouti A UN member state A None
  دومينيكا – Commonwealth of Dominica A UN member state A None
  جمهورية الدومينيكان A UN member state A None
  تيمور الشرقية – Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste[r] A UN member state A None
  الإكوادور – Republic of Ecuador A UN member state A None
  مصر – Arab Republic of Egypt A UN member state A None
  السلفادور – Republic of El Salvador A UN member state A None
  غينيا الاستوائية – Republic of Equatorial Guinea A UN member state A None
  إريتريا – State of Eritrea A UN member state A None
  إستونيا – Republic of Estonia A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c]

  إسواتيني – Kingdom of Eswatini[s] A UN member state A None
  إثيوبيا – Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia A UN member state A None

Ethiopia is a دولة اتحادية of ولايات إثيوبيا.

  فيجي – Republic of Fiji A UN member state A None

Fiji contains 1 autonomous region, روتوما.[f][15][16]

  فنلندا – Republic of Finland A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c]

  •   Åland is a neutral and demilitarised autonomous region of Finland.[f][t]
  فرنسا – French Republic A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c] France contains five overseas regions/departments: غويانا الفرنسية, غوادلوب, مارتينيك, مايوت, and لا ريونيون. France also includes the overseas territories of:

  الغابون – Gabonese Republic A UN member state A None
Gambia   Gambia, The – Republic of The Gambia[17] A UN member state A None
  جورجيا A UN member state A None

Georgia contains two autonomous republics, أجاريا and Abkhazia.[f] In Abkhazia and South Ossetia, de facto states have been formed.

  ألمانيا – Federal Republic of Germany A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c] Germany is a دولة اتحادية of ولايات ألمانيا.

  غانا – Republic of Ghana A UN member state A None
  اليونان – Hellenic Republic A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c] Greece contains one autonomous area, جبل آثوس.[18]

  غرينادا A UN member state A None

Grenada is a عالم كومنولث.[e]

  غواتيمالا – Republic of Guatemala A UN member state A None
  غينيا – Republic of Guinea[u] A UN member state A None
  غينيا بيساو – Republic of Guinea-Bissau A UN member state A None
  غويانا – Co-operative Republic of Guyana A UN member state A None
  هايتي – Republic of Haiti A UN member state A None
Holy See → Vatican City A UN member state A None
  هندوراس – Republic of Honduras A UN member state A None
  المجر A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c]

  آيسلندا[v] A UN member state A None
  الهند – Republic of India A UN member state A None

India is a دولة اتحادية of ولايات الهند ومناطقها.

  إندونيسيا – Republic of Indonesia A UN member state A None

Indonesia has five autonomous أقاليم إندونيسيا, آتشيه, جاكرتا, بابوا, بابوا الغربية, and يوغياكارتا.[f]

  إيران – Islamic Republic of Iran A UN member state A None
  العراق – Republic of Iraq A UN member state A None

Iraq is a دولة اتحادية[m][22] of محافظات العراق, five of which make up the autonomous كردستان العراق.[f]

  جمهورية أيرلندا[w] A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c]

  إسرائيل A UN member state الاعتراف الدولي بإسرائيل

Israel exerts strong control over the territory claimed by Palestine. Israel annexed القدس الشرقية,[24] an annexation not recognised by the international community.[25] Israel maintains مناطق الضفة الغربية في اتفاقية أوسلو الثانية over the rest of the الضفة الغربية, and although Israel no longer has a permanent civilian or military presence in the قطاع غزة, following its خطة فك الارتباط الأحادية الإسرائيلية 2005, it is still considered by some to be the occupying power under international law.[26][27][28][29][30] Israel is not recognised as a state by الاعتراف الدولي بإسرائيل and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. The منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية, which enjoys majority recognition as sole representative of the Palestinian people, also does not recognise Israel.

  إيطاليا – Italian Republic A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c] إيطاليا has 5 autonomous regions, وادي أوستا, فريولي فينيتسيا جوليا, سردينيا, صقلية and ترينتينو ألتو أديجي.[f]

  ساحل العاج – Republic of Côte d'Ivoire[x] A UN member state A None
  جامايكا A UN member state A None

Jamaica is a عالم كومنولث.[e]

  اليابان A UN member state A None
  الأردن – Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan A UN member state A None
  كازاخستان – Republic of Kazakhstan A UN member state A None
  كينيا – Republic of Kenya A UN member state A None
  كيريباتي – Republic of Kiribati A UN member state A None
  Korea, North – Democratic People's Republic of Korea A UN member state قالب:Claimedby

North Korea is not recognised by three UN members, France, Japan, and South Korea, the last of which claims to be the sole legitimate government of كوريا.[31]

  Korea, South – Republic of Korea A UN member state قالب:Claimedby

South Korea has 1 autonomous region, جزيرة جيجو.[f][32] South Korea is not recognised by North Korea, which claims to be the sole legitimate government of كوريا.

ZZZKosovo → Kosovo A UN member state A None
  الكويت – State of Kuwait A UN member state A None
  قرغيزستان – Kyrgyz Republic A UN member state A None
  لاوس – Lao People's Democratic Republic A UN member state A None
  لاتفيا – Republic of Latvia A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c]

  لبنان – Lebanese Republic A UN member state A None
  ليسوتو – Kingdom of Lesotho A UN member state A None
  ليبيريا – Republic of Liberia A UN member state A None
  ليبيا – State of Libya A UN member state A None
  ليختنشتاين – Principality of Liechtenstein A UN member state A None
  ليتوانيا – Republic of Lithuania A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c]

  لوكسمبورغ – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c]

Macedonia → North Macedonia A UN member state A None
  مدغشقر – Republic of Madagascar A UN member state A None
  مالاوي – Republic of Malawi A UN member state A None
  ماليزيا A UN member state A None

Malaysia is a دولة اتحادية of ولايات وأقاليم اتحادية في ماليزيا.

  جزر المالديف – Republic of Maldives A UN member state A None
  مالي – Republic of Mali A UN member state A None
  مالطا – Republic of Malta A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c]

  جزر مارشال – Republic of the Marshall Islands A UN member state A None

Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.

  موريتانيا – Islamic Republic of Mauritania A UN member state A None
  موريشيوس – Republic of Mauritius A UN member state A None

Mauritius has an autonomous island, رودريغوس  [لغات أخرى].[f]

  المكسيك – United Mexican States A UN member state A None

Mexico is a دولة اتحادية of 31 states and one autonomous city.

  ميكرونيسيا  A UN member state A None

Under Compact of Free Association with the United States. The Federated States of Micronesia is a دولة اتحادية of التقسيم الإداري في ولايات ميكرونيسيا المتحدة.

  مولدوفا – Republic of Moldova A UN member state A None

Moldova has the autonomous regions of غاغاوزيا and Transnistria, the latter of which has established a de facto state.

  موناكو – Principality of Monaco A UN member state A None
  منغوليا A UN member state A None
  الجبل الأسود A UN member state A None
  المغرب – Kingdom of Morocco A UN member state A None

Part of the Moroccan-claimed الصحراء الغربية is controlled by the partially recognised Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.

  موزمبيق – Republic of Mozambique A UN member state A None
  ميانمار – Republic of the Union of Myanmar[y] A UN member state A None
ZZZNagorno-Karabakh → Artsakh A UN member state A None
  ناميبيا – Republic of Namibia A UN member state A None
  ناورو – Republic of Nauru A UN member state A None
  نيبال – Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal A UN member state A None

Nepal is a دولة اتحادية composed of 7 provinces.

  هولندا – Kingdom of the Netherlands A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c] The مملكة هولندا includes four areas with substantial autonomy:

The continental part of the Netherlands, Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten form the four constituent countries of the Kingdom. Three other territories (بونير, سابا, and سينت أوستاتيوس) are الجزر الكاريبية الهولندية of the continental Netherlands.[z] The Kingdom of the Netherlands as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law applies only to parts within Europe.

  نيوزيلندا A UN member state A None

New Zealand is a عالم كومنولث,[e] and has the dependent territories of:

New Zealand has responsibilities for (but no rights of control over) two freely associated states:

The Cook Islands and Niue have diplomatic relations with قالب:Numrel and قالب:Numrel UN members respectively.[33][34][35] They have full treaty-making capacity in the UN,[36] and are members of some UN specialized agencies.

  نيكاراجوا – Republic of Nicaragua A UN member state A None

Nicaragua contains two autonomous regions, Atlántico Sur and Atlántico Norte.[f]

  النيجر – Republic of Niger A UN member state A None
  نيجيريا – Federal Republic of Nigeria A UN member state A None

Nigeria is a دولة اتحادية of ولايات نيجيريا.

ZZZNiue → Niue A UN member state A None
North Korea → Korea, North A UN member state A None
  مقدونيا الشمالية – Republic of North Macedonia[aa] A UN member state A None
ZZZNorthern Cyprus → Northern Cyprus A UN member state A None
  النرويج – Kingdom of Norway A UN member state A None

Norway has the dependent territories of:

  سلطنة عمان – Sultanate of Oman A UN member state A None
  باكستان – Islamic Republic of Pakistan A UN member state A None

Pakistan is a دولة اتحادية of التقسيم الإداري في باكستان. Pakistan exercises control over certain portions of كشمير, but has not officially annexed any of it,[37][38] instead regarding it as a disputed territory.[39][40] The portions that it controls are divided into two territories, administered separately from Pakistan proper:

Azad Kashmir describes itself as a "self-governing state under Pakistani control", while Gilgit-Baltistan is described in its governance order as a group of "areas" with self-government.[41][42][43] These territories are not usually regarded as sovereign, as they do not fulfil the criteria set out by the declarative theory of statehood (for example, their current laws do not allow them to engage independently in relations with other states). Several state functions of these territories (such as foreign affairs and defence) are performed by Pakistan.[42][44][45]

  بالاو – Republic of Palau A UN member state A None

Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.

  فلسطين – State of Palestine A مراقبو الجمعية العامة للأمم المتحدة  [لغات أخرى]; member of 2 UN specialized agencies الاعتراف الدولي بدولة فلسطين. قالب:Claimedby

The State of Palestine, declared in 1988, is not recognised as a state by Israel and has received diplomatic recognition from [[International recognition of قالب:Numrec/Pal قالب:Numrec/Pal|خطأ في التعبير: علامة ترقيم غير متعرف عليها "["]] states.[46] The proclaimed state has no agreed territorial borders, or effective control over much of the territory that it proclaimed.[47] The السلطة الوطنية الفلسطينية is an interim administrative body formed as a result of the اتفاقيات أوسلو that exercises limited autonomous jurisdiction within the الضفة الغربية وقطاع غزة. In foreign relations, Palestine is represented by the منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية.[48] The State of Palestine is a member state of UNESCO,[49] UNIDO, and an observer state in the UN.

  بنما – Republic of Panama A UN member state A None
  بابوا غينيا الجديدة – Independent State of Papua New Guinea A UN member state A None

Papua New Guinea is a عالم كومنولث[e] with 1 autonomous region, بوغانفيل.[f]

  باراغواي – Republic of Paraguay A UN member state A None
  بيرو – Republic of Peru A UN member state A None
  الفلبين – Republic of the Philippines A UN member state A None

The Philippines contains one autonomous region, Bangsamoro.[f]

  بولندا – Republic of Poland A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c]

  البرتغال – Portuguese Republic A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c] Portugal contains two autonomous regions, الأزور and ماديرا.[f]

Pridnestrovie → Transnistria A UN member state A None
  قطر – State of Qatar A UN member state A None
Republic of Korea → Korea, South A UN member state A None
Republic of the Congo → Congo, Republic of the A UN member state A None
  رومانيا A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c]

  روسيا – Russian Federation A UN member state A None

Russia is a دولة اتحادية of 85 كيانات روسيا الاتحادية (republics, oblasts, krais, autonomous okrugs, federal cities, and an autonomous oblast). Several of the federal subjects are ethnic republics.[f]

  رواندا – Republic of Rwanda A UN member state A None
ZZZSahrawi Arab Democratic Republic → Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic A UN member state A None
  سانت كيتس ونيفيس – Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis A UN member state A None

Saint Kitts and Nevis is a عالم كومنولث[e] and is a دولة اتحادية[m] of two islands, سانت كيتس and نيفيس.

  سانت لوسيا A UN member state A None

Saint Lucia is a عالم كومنولث.[e]

  سانت فينسنت والغرينادين A UN member state A None

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a عالم كومنولث.[e]

  ساموا – Independent State of Samoa A UN member state A None
  سان مارينو – Republic of San Marino A UN member state A None
  ساو تومي وبرينسيب – Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe A UN member state A None

São Tomé and Príncipe contains 1 autonomous province, برينسيبي  [لغات أخرى] .[f]

  السعودية – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia A UN member state A None
  السنغال – Republic of Senegal A UN member state A None
  صربيا – Republic of Serbia A UN member state A None

Serbia contains two autonomous regions, فويفودينا and مقاطعة كوسوفو وميتوهيا المتمتعة بالحكم الذاتي.[f] The latter is under the de facto control of the Republic of Kosovo.

  سيشل – Republic of Seychelles A UN member state A None
  سيراليون – Republic of Sierra Leone A UN member state A None
  سنغافورة – Republic of Singapore A UN member state A None
  سلوفاكيا – Slovak Republic A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c]

  سلوفينيا – Republic of Slovenia A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c]

  جزر سليمان A UN member state A None

The Solomon Islands is a عالم كومنولث.[e]

  الصومال – Federal Republic of Somalia A UN member state A None

Somalia has two self-declared autonomous regions, أرض البنط and غامدوغ, while the territory of Somaliland has formed an unrecognised de facto state.

ZZZSomaliland → Somaliland A UN member state A None
  جنوب أفريقيا – Republic of South Africa A UN member state A None
South Korea → Korea, South A UN member state A None
ZZZSouth Ossetia → South Ossetia A UN member state A None
  جنوب السودان – Republic of South Sudan A UN member state A None

South Sudan is a دولة اتحادية of ولايات جنوب السودان.

  إسبانيا – Kingdom of Spain A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c] Spain is divided into مناطق إسبانيا ذات الحكم الذاتي.[f]

  سريلانكا – Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka[ab] A UN member state A None
  السودان – Republic of the Sudan A UN member state A None

Sudan is a دولة اتحادية of ولايات السودان.

ZZZSudan, South → South Sudan A UN member state A None
  سورينام – Republic of Suriname A UN member state A None
Swaziland → Eswatini A UN member state A None
  السويد – Kingdom of Sweden A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c]

  سويسرا – Swiss Confederation A UN member state A None

Switzerland is a دولة اتحادية of كانتونات سويسرا.

  سوريا – Syrian Arab Republic A UN member state A None

The الائتلاف الوطني لقوى الثورة والمعارضة السورية, which is الائتلاف الوطني لقوى الثورة والمعارضة السورية as the legitimate representative of the Syrian people by 20 UN members, has established an الحكومة السورية المؤقتة to rule rebel controlled territory during the الحرب الأهلية السورية. Syria has one self-declared autonomous region: الإدارة الذاتية لشمال وشرق سوريا.

ZZZTaiwan (Republic of China) → Taiwan A UN member state A None
  طاجيكستان – Republic of Tajikistan A UN member state A None

Tajikistan contains 1 autonomous region, مقاطعة بدخشان الجبلية ذاتية الحكم.[f]

  تنزانيا – United Republic of Tanzania A UN member state A None

Tanzania contains 1 autonomous region, زنجبار.[f]

  تايلاند – Kingdom of Thailand A UN member state A None
The Bahamas → Bahamas, The A UN member state A None
The Gambia → Gambia, The A UN member state A None
Timor-Leste → East Timor A UN member state A None
  توغو – Togolese Republic A UN member state A None
  تونغا – Kingdom of Tonga A UN member state A None
ZZZTransnistria → Transnistria A UN member state A None
  ترينيداد وتوباغو – Republic of Trinidad and Tobago A UN member state A None

Trinidad and Tobago contains 1 autonomous region, توباغو.[f]

  تونس – Republic of Tunisia A UN member state A None
  تركيا – Republic of Turkey A UN member state A None
  تركمانستان A UN member state A None
  توفالو A UN member state A None

Tuvalu is a عالم كومنولث.[e]

  أوغندا – Republic of Uganda A UN member state A None
  أوكرانيا A UN member state A None

Ukraine أزمة القرم 2014  [لغات أخرى]  جمهورية القرم ذاتية الحكم as an autonomous republic, however it has been ضم الاتحاد الروسي للقرم by Russia.

  الإمارات العربية المتحدة A UN member state A None

The United Arab Emirates is a دولة اتحادية of إمارات دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة.

  المملكة المتحدة – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland A UN member state A None

Member of the EU.[c] The United Kingdom is a عالم كومنولث[e] consisting of دولة في المملكة المتحدة  [لغات أخرى]: إنجلترا, أيرلندا الشمالية, اسكتلندا, and ويلز. The United Kingdom has the following overseas territories:

The British monarch has direct sovereignty over three self-governing ملحقات التاج البريطاني:

  الولايات المتحدة – United States of America A UN member state A None

The United States is a دولة اتحادية of 50 states with shared sovereignty, 1 واشنطن العاصمة, and 1 جزر بالميرا المرجانية. Additionally, the الحكومة الفيدرالية للولايات المتحدة has sovereignty over 15 unincorporated territories. Of these territories the following are inhabited possessions:

It also has sovereignty over several uninhabited territories:

It also disputes sovereignty over the following territories:

Three sovereign states have become associated states of the United States under the Compact of Free Association:

  أوروغواي – Oriental Republic of Uruguay A UN member state A None
  أوزبكستان – Republic of Uzbekistan A UN member state A None

Uzbekistan contains 1 autonomous region, قرقل باغستان.[f]

  فانواتو – Republic of Vanuatu A UN member state A None
   الفاتيكان – Vatican City State A مراقبو الجمعية العامة للأمم المتحدة  [لغات أخرى] under the designation of "الكرسي الرسولي"; member of three UN specialized agencies and the IAEA A None

Administered by the الكرسي الرسولي, a sovereign entity with diplomatic relations to [[International recognition of قالب:Numrec/Holy See قالب:Numrec/Holy See|خطأ في التعبير: علامة ترقيم غير متعرف عليها "[" states]]. This figure consists of خطأ في التعبير: علامة ترقيم غير متعرف عليها "[" UN member states, the Cook Islands, the Republic of China (Taiwan), and the State of Palestine.[52] In addition, the European Union and the Sovereign Military Order of Malta maintain diplomatic relations with the Holy See. The Holy See is a member of the IAEA, ITU, UPU, and WIPO and a permanent observer of the UN (in the category of "Non-member State")[48] and علاقات الكرسي الرسولي الخارجية. The Vatican City is governed by officials appointed by the بابوية كاثوليكية, who is the Bishop of the Diocese of Rome and ex officio sovereign of Vatican City.

  فنزويلا – Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela A UN member state A None

Venezuela is a دولة اتحادية of ولايات فنزويلا.

  فيتنام – Socialist Republic of Vietnam A UN member state A None
  اليمن – Republic of Yemen A UN member state A None
  زامبيا – Republic of Zambia A UN member state A None
  زيمبابوي – Republic of Zimbabwe A UN member state A None
ZZZقائمة الدول الأعضاء في الأمم المتحدة and مراقبو الجمعية العامة للأمم المتحدة  [لغات أخرى] A ZZZ ZZZ
ZZZ AB B
ZZZ↓ Other states ↓ D AAA ZZZ
  أبخازيا – Republic of Abkhazia D No membership قالب:Claimedby

Recognised by Russia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Artsakh, South Ossetia and Transnistria.[53] Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.

  Artsakh – Republic of Artsakh[ac] D No membership قالب:Claimedby

A de facto independent state,[54][55][56] recognised only by أبخازيا,[57] أوسيتيا الجنوبية[57] and ترانسنيستريا.[57][58] Claimed in whole by Azerbaijan.[59]

  جزر كوك D Member of eight UN specialized agencies A None
(See political status)

A state in free association with New Zealand, قالب:Numrel. The Cook Islands is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity.[36] It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.

  كوسوفو – Republic of Kosovo D Member of two UN specialized agencies قالب:Claimedby

Pursuant to قرار مجلس الأمن التابع للأمم المتحدة رقم 1244, Kosovo was placed under the administration of the بعثة الأمم المتحدة للإدارة المؤقتة في كوسوفو in 1999.[60] Kosovo إعلان استقلال كوسوفو 2008, and it has [[International recognition of قالب:Numrec/Kos قالب:Numrec/Kos|received diplomatic recognition from خطأ في التعبير: علامة ترقيم غير متعرف عليها "[" UN member states]] and the تايوان, while 10 states have recognized Kosovo only to later withdraw their recognition. Serbia continues to maintain its sovereignty claim over Kosovo. Other UN member states and non UN member states continue to recognise Serbian sovereignty or have taken no position on the question. Kosovo is a member of the صندوق النقد الدولي and the مجموعة البنك الدولي. The Republic of Kosovo has de facto control over most of the territory, with limited control in North Kosovo.

  نييوي D Member of five UN specialized agencies A None
(See political status)

A state in free association with New Zealand, قالب:Numrel. Niue is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity.[36] It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.

  قبرص الشمالية – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus D No membership قالب:Claimedby
Recognised only by Turkey. Under the name "Turkish Cypriot State", it is an observer state of the منظمة التعاون الإسلامي and the منظمة التعاون الاقتصادي. Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.[61]
  الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الديمقراطية D No membership قالب:Claimedby

Recognised at some stage by [[International recognition of قالب:Numrec/SADR قالب:Numrec/SADR|خطأ في التعبير: علامة ترقيم غير متعرف عليها "[" UN member states]], خطأ في التعبير: علامة ترقيم غير متعرف عليها "[" of which have since withdrawn or frozen their recognition. It is a founding member of the الاتحاد الأفريقي and the Asian–African Strategic Partnership formed at the 2005 مؤتمر باندونغ. The territories under its control, the so-called Free Zone, are claimed in whole by Morocco as part of its أقاليم جنوبية. In turn, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claims the part of الصحراء الغربية to the west of the الجدار الرملي controlled by Morocco. Its government resides in exile in تندوف, Algeria.

  الصومال – Republic of Somaliland D No membership قالب:Claimedby

A de facto independent state,[54][62][63][64][65] علاقات صوماليلاند الخارجية  [لغات أخرى] any other state, claimed in whole by the Federal Republic of Somalia.[66]

  أوسيتيا الجنوبية – Republic of South Ossetia–the State of Alania D No membership قالب:Claimedby

A de facto independent state,[67] recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Nauru, Syria, Venezuela, Abkhazia, Artsakh and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia.[68]

  Taiwan – Republic of China[j] DFormer UN member (as Republic of China, 1945–1971)
Observer in one UN specialized agency under the name "تايبيه الصينية"
قالب:Claimedby

A state competing (nominally) for recognition with the الصين (PRC) as the government of China since 1949. The Republic of China (ROC) controls the island of تايوان and associated islands, Quemoy, Matsu, the Pratas and parts of the جزر سبراتلي, and has not renounced claims over its annexed territories on the بر الصين الرئيسي.[69] The ROC is recognised by [[International recognition of قالب:Numrec/ROC قالب:Numrec/ROC|خطأ في التعبير: علامة ترقيم غير متعرف عليها "["]] UN member states and the Holy See as of قالب:Numrec/ROC قالب:Numrec/ROC قالب:Numrec/ROC. All these states do not recognise the PRC either. Additionally, one UN member (بوتان) has refrained from recognising either the ROC or the PRC.

The territory of the ROC is claimed in whole by the PRC.[k] The ROC participates in international organizations under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly "تايبيه الصينية" and in the WTO it has full membership. The ROC was a founding member of the UN and enjoyed membership from 1945 to 1971, with veto power in the مجلس الأمن التابع للأمم المتحدة. See China and the United Nations.

  ترانسنيستريا – Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic D No membership قالب:Claimedby

A de facto independent state,[54] علاقات ترانسنيستريا الخارجية  [لغات أخرى] Abkhazia, Artsakh and South Ossetia.[53] Claimed in whole by Moldova as the Transnistria autonomous territorial unit.[70]

ZZZ↑ Other states ↑ D ZZZ ZZZ
ZZZZ ZZZZ ZZZZ
Legend "Membership within the UN System" column
  UN Member states
  UN Observer states
  Member of a UN Specialized Agency
  Observer in a UN Specialized Agency
  No membership in the UN System
Legend "Sovereignty dispute" column
  Undisputed sovereignty
  Sovereignty disputed

انظر أيضاًعدل

ملاحظاتعدل

المراجععدل

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وصلات خارجيةعدل

 
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وسوم <ref> موجودة لمجموعة اسمها "lower-alpha"، ولكن لم يتم العثور على وسم <references group="lower-alpha"/> أو هناك وسم </ref> ناقص