أيوب سليمان جالو

العبد السنغالي

أيوب سليمان جالو أو (ديالو) (بالإنجليزية: Ayuba Suleiman Diallo)‏ مسلم سنغالي استرق في تجارة العبيد عبر الأطلسي ثم حرر وعاد إلى وطنه وكان قد حافظ على دينه خلال فترة العبودية وكتب مذكراته، وهي أول مذكرات مباشرة كتبها أحد العبيد[1] واستعمل له اسمًا مسيحيًا هو ترجمة لاسمه Job Ben Solomon.[2]

أيوب سليمان جالو (ديالو)
William Hoare of Bath - Portrait of Ayuba Suleiman Diallo, (1701-1773).jpg
رسم لجالو من قبل الفنان William Hoare ثوبًا إفريقيًا تقليديًا ويعلق على رقبته مصحفًا

معلومات شخصية
الميلاد 1701
Bundu (present-day السنغال)
تاريخ الوفاة 1773 (age 71–72)
أسماء أخرى Job ben Solomon

كان أيوب يهرب إلى الغابة ليؤدي الصلوات الخمس ولكنه تعرض للإهانة عندما اكتشف وهرب من مالكه الأمريكي[2] قبض عليه وسجن ثم بعد ترجمة تعليله للهرب أعاده المالك وخصص له مكانا للصلاة[2]

مراجععدل

  1. ^ Turner, Richard Brent (2003). Islam in the African-American Experience. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. صفحات 25–26. الوسيط |CitationClass= تم تجاهله (مساعدة); and Allan D. Austin, African Muslims in Antebellum America: transatlantic stories and spiritual struggles (London: Routledge, 1997), page 61.
  2. أ ب ت Curtis, Edward E., 1970- (2009). Muslims in America : a short history. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195367560. OCLC 268957395. مؤرشف من الأصل في 18 مارس 2020. الوسيط |CitationClass= تم تجاهله (مساعدة)صيانة CS1: أسماء متعددة: قائمة المؤلفون (link)
  • Austin, Allan D. African Muslims in Antebellum America: transatlantic stories and spiritual struggles. (London: Routledge, 1997).
  • Diouf, Sylviane Anna. Servants of Allah: African Muslims enslaved in the Americas. New York: New York University Press, 1998.
  • Painter, Nell Creating Black Americans: African-American History and its Meanings, 1619 to Present, دار نشر جامعة أكسفورد, 2005. (ردمك 978-0-19-513755-2)
  • Bluett, Thomas. Some Memories of the Life of Job, the Son of the Solomon High Priest of Boonda in Africa; Who was a Slave about two Years in Maryland; and afterwards being brought to England, was set free, and sent to his native Land in the Year 1734. London: Richard Ford, 1734.
  • Grant, Douglas. The Fortunate Slave: An Illustration of African Slavery in the Early Eighteenth Century. London: Oxford University Press, 1968.
  • 'Job ben Solomon,' Gentleman’s Magazine 20 (1750), 272.
  • 'London, Nov. 11,' The Virginia Gazette(February 4, 1737), 1; and 'London, Nov. 1,' Boston Weekly- newsletter (January 13, 1737), 1
  • Moore, Francis. Travels into the Inland parts of Africa: containing a description of the several nations for the space of Six Hundred Miles up the River Gambia; their Trade, Habits, Customs, Language, Manners, Religion and Government; the Power, Disposition and Characters of some Negro Princes; with a particular Account of Job Ben Solomon, a Pholey, who was in England in the Year 1733, and known by the Name of the African. To which is added, Capt. Stibbs's voyage up the Gambia in the Year 1723, to make Discoveries; with an accurate map of that River taken on the Spot: And many other Copper Plates. Also extracts from the Nubian's Geography, Leo the African, and other authors antient and modern, concerning the Niger-Nile, or Gambia, and Observations thereon. By Francis Moore, Factor several Years to the Royal African Company of England. London: Printed by Edward Cave, at St. John's Gate, for the author, and sold by J. Stagg, in Westminster Hall; and at St. John's Gate aforesaid, 1738, 216, 202, and 213-124.
  • Judy, Ronald A.T. (Dis)Forming the American Canon: African-Arabic Slave Narratives and the Vernacular. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993.
  • Weaver, Jace. “The Red Atlantic: Transoceanic Cultural Exchanges.” The American Indian Quarterly 35, no. 3 (2011): 418–63.

http://www.ihistory.co/slave-of-allah-alone-ayuba-diallos-return-to-africa/

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