تقدير حسب القيمة العليا لدالة الإمكان: الفرق بين النسختين

ط (بوت:إصلاح تحويلات القوالب)
== المراجع ==
{{مراجع}}
 
== كتابات أخرى ==
{{بداية المراجع}}
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| title = R. A. Fisher and the making of maximum likelihood 1912–1922
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| journal = Statistical Science
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| ref = CITEREFAldrich1997
}}
* Andersen, Erling B. (1970); "Asymptotic Properties of Conditional Maximum Likelihood Estimators", ''Journal of the Royal Statistical Society'' '''B''' 32, 283–301
* Andersen, Erling B. (1980); ''Discrete Statistical Models with Social Science Applications'', North Holland, 1980
* Basu, Debabrata (1988); ''Statistical Information and Likelihood : A Collection of Critical Essays by Dr. D. Basu''; in Ghosh, Jayanta K., editor; ''Lecture Notes in Statistics'', Volume 45, Springer-Verlag, 1988
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| last1 = Cox | first1 = David R. | authorlink1=David R. Cox
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| title = A general definition of residuals
| year = 1968
| journal = Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series B (Methodological)
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}}
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| title = On the probable errors of frequency-constants
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| journal = Journal of the Royal Statistical Society
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| title = On the probable errors of frequency-constants
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| journal = Journal of the Royal Statistical Society
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}}
* {{استشهاد بكتاب
| مؤلف = Einicke, G.A.
| سنة = 2012
| عنوان = Smoothing, Filtering and Prediction: Estimating the Past, Present and Future
| ناشر = Intech
| مكان = Rijeka, Croatia
| الرقم المعياري = 978-953-307-752-9
| مسار = http://www.intechopen.com/books/smoothing-filtering-and-prediction-estimating-the-past-present-and-future|مسار أرشيف= https://web.archive.org/web/20191210084616/https://www.intechopen.com/books/smoothing-filtering-and-prediction-estimating-the-past-present-and-future|تاريخ أرشيف=2019-12-10}}
* {{cite journal |last=Ferguson |first=Thomas S. |title=An inconsistent maximum likelihood estimate |journal=Journal of the American Statistical Association |volume=77 |issue=380 |year=1982 |pages=831–834 |jstor=2287314 }}
* {{استشهاد بكتاب
| الأخير = Ferguson | الأول = Thomas S.
| عنوان = A course in large sample theory
| ناشر = Chapman & Hall
| سنة = 1996
| الرقم المعياري = 0-412-04371-8
}}
* {{استشهاد بكتاب
| الأخير = Hald | الأول = Anders | وصلة مؤلف=Anders Hald
| عنوان = A history of mathematical statistics from 1750 to 1930
| سنة = 1998
| ناشر = Wiley
| مكان = New York, NY
| الرقم المعياري = 0-471-17912-4
| ref = CITEREFHald1998
}}
* {{cite journal
| last = Hald | first = Anders
| title = On the history of maximum likelihood in relation to inverse probability and least squares
| year = 1999
| journal = Statistical Science
| volume = 14 | issue = 2
| pages =214–222
| jstor = 2676741
| ref = CITEREFHald1999
}}
* {{cite journal
| last = Kano | first = Yutaka
| title = Third-order efficiency implies fourth-order efficiency
| year = 1996
| journal = Journal of the Japan Statistical Society
| volume = 26
| pages = 101–117
| url = http://www.journalarchive.jst.go.jp/english/jnlabstract_en.php?cdjournal=jjss1995&cdvol=26&noissue=1&startpage=101
|ref=harv
}}
* {{cite journal
| last = Le Cam | first = Lucien | authorlink = Lucien Le Cam
| title = Maximum likelihood — an introduction
| journal = ISI Review
| volume = 58 | issue = 2
| year = 1990
| pages = 153–171
}}
* {{استشهاد بكتاب
| الأخير1 = Le Cam | الأول1 = Lucien
| الأخير2 = Lo Yang | الأول2 = Grace
| عنوان = Asymptotics in statistics: some basic concepts
| سنة = 2000
| إصدار = Second
| ناشر = Springer
| الرقم المعياري = 0-387-95036-2
| ref = CITEREFLeCam2000
}}
* {{استشهاد بكتاب
| الأخير = Le Cam | الأول = Lucien
| عنوان = Asymptotic methods in statistical decision theory
| سنة = 1986
| ناشر = Springer-Verlag
| الرقم المعياري = 0-387-96307-3
}}
* {{استشهاد بكتاب
| الأخير1 = Lehmann | الأول1 = Erich L. | وصلة مؤلف = Erich Leo Lehmann
| الأخير2 = Casella | الأول2 = George
| عنوان = Theory of Point Estimation, 2nd ed
| سنة = 1998
| ناشر = Springer
| الرقم المعياري = 0-387-98502-6
| ref = CITEREFLehamnnCasella1998
}}
* {{استشهاد بكتاب
| الأخير1 = Newey | الأول1 = Whitney K.
| الأخير2 = McFadden | الأول2 = Daniel | وصلة مؤلف2 = Daniel McFadden
| chapter = Chapter 35: Large sample estimation and hypothesis testing
| editor1-first= Robert | editor1-last=Engle | editor2-first=Dan | editor2-last=McFadden
| عنوان = Handbook of Econometrics, Vol.4
| سنة = 1994
| ناشر = Elsevier Science
| صفحات = 2111–2245
| الرقم المعياري=0-444-88766-0
| ref = CITEREFNeweyMcFadden1994
}}
* {{استشهاد بكتاب |عنوان=Parametric statistical theory |الأخير1=Pfanzagl |الأول1=Johann |others=with the assistance of R. Hamböker |سنة=1994 |ناشر=Walter de Gruyter |مكان=Berlin, DE
|الرقم المعياري=3-11-013863-8 |صفحات=207–208 |ref=harv }}
* {{cite journal
| doi = 10.1214/aos/1176343457
| last = Pratt | first = John W.
| title = F. Y. Edgeworth and R. A. Fisher on the efficiency of maximum likelihood estimation
| year = 1976
| journal = The Annals of Statistics
| volume = 4 | issue = 3
| pages = 501–514
| jstor = 2958222
| ref = CITEREFPratt1976
}}
* {{استشهاد بكتاب |مؤلف=Ruppert, David |عنوان=Statistics and Data Analysis for Financial Engineering |ناشر=Springer |سنة=2010 |الرقم المعياري=978-1-4419-7786-1 |صفحة=98 |مسار=http://books.google.com/books?id=i2bD50PbIikC&pg=PA98 |ref=CITEREFRuppert2010 }}
* {{cite journal
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| last = Savage | first = Leonard J. | authorlink = Leonard J. Savage
| title = On rereading R. A. Fisher
| year = 1976
| journal = The Annals of Statistics
| volume = 4 | issue = 3
| pages = 441–500
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| ref = CITEREFSavage1976
}}
* {{cite journal
| doi = 10.2307/2344804
| last = Stigler | first = Stephen M. | authorlink = Stephen M. Stigler
| title = Francis Ysidro Edgeworth, statistician
| year = 1978
| journal = Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A (General)
| volume = 141 | issue = 3
| pages = 287–322
| jstor = 2344804
| ref = CITEREFStigler1978
}}
* {{استشهاد بكتاب
| الأخير = Stigler | الأول = Stephen M.
| عنوان = The history of statistics: the measurement of uncertainty before 1900
| سنة = 1986
| ناشر = Harvard University Press
| الرقم المعياري = 0-674-40340-1
| ref = CITEREFStigler1986
}}
* {{استشهاد بكتاب
| الأخير = Stigler | الأول = Stephen M.
| عنوان = Statistics on the table: the history of statistical concepts and methods
| سنة = 1999
| ناشر = Harvard University Press
| الرقم المعياري = 0-674-83601-4
| ref = CITEREFStigler1999
}}
* {{استشهاد بكتاب
| الأخير = van der Vaart | الأول = Aad W.
| عنوان = Asymptotic Statistics
| سنة = 1998
| الرقم المعياري = 0-521-78450-6
}}
{{نهاية المراجع}}
 
== وصلات خارجية ==