مدفعية بحرية

المدفعية البحرية هي مدفعية مثبتة على متن سفينة حربية، تستخدم في الأصل فقط للحرب البحرية، وفي وقت لاحق أيضًا لقصف الشواطئ وكمضاد للطائرات. يشير المصطلح عمومًا إلى الأسلحة التي تطلق القذائف من أنابيب ويستبعد المقذوفات ذاتية الدفع مثل الطوربيدات والصواريخ والقذائف وتلك التي أسقططت مثل شحنات الأعماق والألغام البحرية.[1]

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ملاحظاتعدل

  1. ^ Rodger، N.A.M. (1996). "The Development of Broadside Gunnery, 1450–1650". The Mariner's Mirror. Society for Nautical Research. 82 (3): 302. doi:10.1080/00253359.1996.10656604. 

المراجععدل

قائمة المراجععدل

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  • Bramwell، Frederick (1886). "Our big guns" : an address delivered in the Town Hall, Birmingham, on the 20th September, 1886. London: Wm. Clowes & Sons. OCLC 35597209. 
  • Brooks، John (2005). Dreadnought Gunnery and the Battle of Jutland: The Question of Fire Control. Naval Policy and History. 32. Abingdon, Oxfordshire: Routledge. ISBN 978-0415407885.  Brooks، John (2005). Dreadnought Gunnery and the Battle of Jutland: The Question of Fire Control. Naval Policy and History. 32. Abingdon, Oxfordshire: Routledge. ISBN 978-0415407885.  Brooks، John (2005). Dreadnought Gunnery and the Battle of Jutland: The Question of Fire Control. Naval Policy and History. 32. Abingdon, Oxfordshire: Routledge. ISBN 978-0415407885. 
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  • Friedman، Norman (2008). Naval Firepower: Battleship Guns and Gunnery in the Dreadnought Era. Annapolis, USA: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 9781591145554.  Friedman، Norman (2008). Naval Firepower: Battleship Guns and Gunnery in the Dreadnought Era. Annapolis, USA: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 9781591145554.  Friedman، Norman (2008). Naval Firepower: Battleship Guns and Gunnery in the Dreadnought Era. Annapolis, USA: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 9781591145554. 
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  • Olmstead، Edwin؛ Stark، Wayne E.؛ Tucker، Spencer C. (1997). The Big Guns: Civil War Siege, Seacoast, and Naval Cannon. Alexandria Bay, New York: Museum Restoration Service. ISBN 978-0888550125.  Olmstead، Edwin؛ Stark، Wayne E.؛ Tucker، Spencer C. (1997). The Big Guns: Civil War Siege, Seacoast, and Naval Cannon. Alexandria Bay, New York: Museum Restoration Service. ISBN 978-0888550125.  Olmstead، Edwin؛ Stark، Wayne E.؛ Tucker، Spencer C. (1997). The Big Guns: Civil War Siege, Seacoast, and Naval Cannon. Alexandria Bay, New York: Museum Restoration Service. ISBN 978-0888550125. 
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  • Garcia de Resende، Vida e feitos d 'el-rey Dom João Segundo، 1545
  • Vergé-Franceschi، Michel (2002). Dictionnaire d'Histoire maritime. Paris: éditions Robert Laffont. صفحة 1508. ISBN 9782221912850.  Vergé-Franceschi، Michel (2002). Dictionnaire d'Histoire maritime. Paris: éditions Robert Laffont. صفحة 1508. ISBN 9782221912850.  Vergé-Franceschi، Michel (2002). Dictionnaire d'Histoire maritime. Paris: éditions Robert Laffont. صفحة 1508. ISBN 9782221912850. 

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