افتح القائمة الرئيسية

قائمة قادة الدول في 2015

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هوامشعدل

  1. ^ Eritrea only became independent in 1993.
  2. ^ South Sudan only became independent in 2011.
  3. ^ Bahrain only became independent in 1971.
  4. ^ Brunei only became independent in 1984.
  5. ^ هون سين was titled Second Prime Minister between 1993 and 1998.
  6. ^ Kazakhstan only became independent in 1991.
  7. ^ كيم جونغ أون was referred to as 'supreme leader' in 2011, and then appointed as First Chairman of the National Defence Commission in 2012, having been the de facto leader of the country throughout.
  8. ^ Palestinian Authority renamed itself State of Palestine on 6 Jan 2013 (move not recognized by Israel). Do not confuse with State of Palestine proclaimed on 15 November 1988 by Palestinian National Council (PNC) in Algiers which remains a putative state, in fact ineffective despite partial international recognition.
  9. ^ Uzbekistan only became independent in 1991.
  10. ^ Lataste's predecessor, Sylvie Hubac was relieved of her position on 31 December 2014 and Lataste was appointed on 5 January 2015 see https://www.bopa.ad/bopa/027002/Pagines/pn27002001.aspx and https://www.bopa.ad/bopa/027002/Pagines/pn27002002.aspx
  11. ^ Montenegro only became independent in 2006.
  12. ^ The seven member Swiss Federal Council is the collective head of state and the government of Switzerland. Within the Council, the President of the Swiss Confederation serves solely in a أول النظراء capacity for one year.
  13. ^ Pietro Parolin was archbishop and therefore only pro-secretary of state until 22 February 2014.

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