افتح القائمة الرئيسية

تغييرات

تم إضافة 6٬798 بايت، ‏ قبل 6 سنوات
لا يوجد ملخص تحرير
[[File:Rodinia.png|right|thumbnail|380px|صورة تخيلية لما كانت عليه رودينيا.]]
'''رودينيا''' {{إنج|Rodinia}} وجاءت من [[اللغة الروسية|اللغة الروسية]] "Родить", و(''rodit'' تعني أن تلد )")<ref>Li, Z. X.; Bogdanova, S. V.; Collins, A. S.; Davidson, A.; B. De Waele, R. E. Ernst, I. C. W. Fitzsimons, R. A. Fuck, D. P. Gladkochub, J. Jacobs, K. E. Karlstrom, S. Lul, L.M. Natapov, V. Pease, S. A. Pisarevsky, K. Thrane and V. Vernikovsky (2008). "Assembly, configuration, and break-up history of Rodinia: A synthesis". ''Precambrian Research'' '''160:''' 179–210</ref>.ويعني أيضاً القارةالعُظمى. وهي القارة التي تحتوي معظم أو كل مساحة الأرض. وقد كانت موجود قبل 1.1 مليار و 750 مليون سنة مضت.
 
 
 
 
==الجيوديناميكية==
 
===الإنشقاق===
على النقيض من تشكيل Rodinia فإن تحرك وتشكل الكتل القارية لايزال غير مفهوماً,فالصدع أو الإنشقاق لم يحدث في كل مكان في نفس الوقت, فقد تم العثور على تدفقات الحمم والبراكين من عصر Neoproterozoic في معظم القارات.
 
 
 
 
===المراجع===
*{{Cite journal |first=S. V. |last=Bogdanova |first2=S. A. |last2=Pisarevsky |first3=Z. X. |last3=Li |title=Assembly and Breakup of Rodinia (Some Results of IGCP Project 440) |journal=Stratigraphy and Geological Correlation |year=2009 |volume=17 |issue=3 |pages=259–274 |issn=0869-5938 |doi=10.1134/S0869593809030022 |bibcode = 2009SGC....17..259B }}
*{{Cite journal |doi=10.1130/0016-7606(1997)109<0016:ONPGAT>2.3.CO;2|last=Dalziel |first=I.W.D. |year=1997 |title=Neoproterozoic-Paleozoic geography and tectonics: Review, hypothesis, environmental speculation |journal=Geological Society of America Bulletin |volume=109 |issue=1 |pages=16–42}}
*{{Cite journal |doi=10.1086/627920 |authorlink=John Frederick Dewey|last=Dewey |first=J.F. |last2=Burke |first2=K.C. |year=1973 |title=Tibetian, Variscan, and Precambrian basement reactivation: products of continental collision |journal=Journal of Geology |volume=81 |pages=683–692 |bibcode=1973JG.....81..683D |issue=6}}
*{{Cite journal |doi=10.1038/nature02408|last=Donnadieu |first=Y. |last2=oddéris |first2=Y. |last3=Ramstein |first3=G. |last4=Nédélec |first4=A. |last5=Meert |first5=J.G. |year=2004 |title=A 'snowball Earth' climate triggered by continental break-up through changes in runoff |journal=Nature |volume=428|issue=6980 |pages=303–306|pmid=15029192 |bibcode = 2004Natur.428..303D }}
*{{Cite journal |first=J. W. |last=Goodge |first2=J. D. |last2=Vervoort |first3=C. M. |last3=Fanning |first4=D. M. |last4=Brecke |coauthor=G. L. Farmer, I. S. Williams, P. M. Myrow, and D. J. DePaolo |title=A positive test of East Antarctica–Laurentia Juxtaposition within the Rodinia supercontinent |journal=Science |volume=321 |issue=5886 |pages=235–240 |year=2008 |issn=0036-8075|pmid=18621666 |doi=10.1126/science.1159189 |bibcode = 2008Sci...321..235G }}
*{{Cite journal |first=Z. X. |last=Li |first2=S. V. |last2=Bogdanova |first3=A. S. |last3=Collins |first4=A. |last4=Davidson |coauthor=B. De Waele, R. E. Ernst, I. C. W. Fitzsimons, R. A. Fuck, D. P. Gladkochub, J. Jacobs, K. E. Karlstrom, S. Lul, L.M. Natapov, V. Pease, S. A. Pisarevsky, K. Thrane and V. Vernikovsky |title=Assembly, configuration, and break-up history of Rodinia: A synthesis |url=http://www.bdewaele.be/pdfs/Lietal_IGCP440_map_2008.pdf |journal=Precambrian Research |volume=160 |pages=179–210 |year=2008 |doi=10.1016/j.precamres.2007.04.021 }}
*{{Cite book |last=McMenamin |first=M.A. |last2=McMenamin |first2=D.L. |year=1990 |title=The Emergence of Animals |isbn=0-231-06647-3 }}
*{{Cite journal |doi=10.1016/S0040-1951(03)00342-1|last=Meert |first=J.G. |last2=Torsvik |first2=T.H. |year=2003 |title=The making and unmaking of a Supercontinent: Rodinia revisited |journal=Tectonophysics |volume=375 |pages=261–288 |url=http://www.geodynamics.no/guest/RodiniaRevisitedMeert_Torevik.pdf |bibcode=2003Tectp.375..261M}}
*{{Cite journal |doi=10.1144/SP294.2|last=Pisarevsky |first=S.A. |last2=Murphy |first2=J.B. |last3=Cawood |first3=P.A. |last4=Collins |first4=A.S. |year=2008 |title=Late Neoproterozoic and Early Cambrian palaeogeography: models and problems |journal=Geological Society of London, Special Publications |volume=294 |pages=9–31 |bibcode = 2008GSLSP.294....9P }}
*{{cite web | url = http://www.scotese.com/info.htm | last = Scotese | first = C.R. | title = More Information About the Late Precambrian | work = Paleomap Project | accessdate = 2006-03-10}}
* {{Cite journal |last=Sears |first=J.W. |last2=Price |first2=R.A. |year=2000 |title=New look at the Siberian connection: No SWEAT |journal=Geology |volume=28 |issue=5 |pages=423–426 |doi=10.1130/0091-7613(2000)28<423:NLATSC>2.0.CO;2 |issn=0091-7613 |bibcode = 2000Geo....28..423S }}
*{{Cite book |last=Stanley |first=S.M. |year=1999 |title=Earth System History |publisher=W.H. Freeman & Co |isbn=0-7167-2882-6 }}
*{{Cite journal |last=Torsvik |first=T.H. |date=30 May 2003 |title=The Rodinia Jigsaw Puzzle |journal=Science |volume=300|issue=5624 |pages=1379–1381 |url=http://www.geodynamics.no/guest/RodiniaScience.pdf|pmid=12775828|doi=10.1126/science.1083469 }}
*{{Cite book |last=Torsvik |first=T.H. |last2=Gaina |first2=C. |last3=Redfield |first3=T.F. |year=2008 |chapter=Antarctica and Global Paleogeography: From Rodinia, through Gondwanaland and Pangea, to the birth of the Southern Ocean and the opening of gateways |editors=Cooper, A. K., P. J. Barrett, H. Stagg, B. Storey, E. Stump, W. Wise, and the 10th ISAES editorial team |title=Antarctica: A Keystone in a Changing World. Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Antarctic Earth Sciences |place=Washington, DC |publisher=The National Academies Press |pages=125–140 |chapterurl=http://www.geodynamics.no/guest/Torsvik_Gaina_Redfield_Antarctica2008.pdf}}
*{{Cite journal |doi=10.1016/S0012-821X(97)00127-1|last=Weil |first=A.B. |last2=Van der Voo |first2=R. |last3=Mac Niocaill |first3=C. |last4=Meert |first4=J.G. |year=1998 |title=The Proterozoic supercontinent Rodinia: paleomagnetically derived reconstructions for 1100 to 800&nbsp;Ma |journal=Earth and Planetary Science Letters |volume=154 |pages=13–24 |bibcode=1998E&PSL.154...13W}}
*{{Cite journal |doi=10.1046/j.1365-3121.2002.00401.x|last=Wingate |first=M.T.D. |last2=Pisarevsky |first2=S.A. |last3=Evans |first3=D.A.D. |year=2002 |title=Rodinia connections between Australia and Laurentia: no SWEAT, no AUSWUS? |journal=Terra Nova |volume=14 |pages=121–128 |issue=2 }}
*{{Cite book |authorlink=Peter Ziegler |last=Ziegler |first=P.A. |year=1990 |title=Geological Atlas of Western and Central Europe |publisher=[[Royal Dutch Shell|Shell Internationale Petroleum Maatschappij BV]] |edition=2 |isbn=90-6644-125-9 }}
 
==روابط إضافية==
*{{Cite web |url=http://www.fex-svenningsen.se/sarek/geologi/geosidor/rodinia-map.html |title=Rodinias uppkomst och sönderbrytande |year=2009 |first=Olaf |last=Svenningsen}}
*[http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/geo_history_wa/Dance%20of%20the%20Giant%20Continents.htm "Dance of the Giant Continents: Washington's Earliest History"]
*[http://www.tsrc.uwa.edu.au/440project IGCP Special Project 440:] mapping Proterozoic supercontinents, including Rodinia
*[http://www.scotese.com/newpage13.htm PALEOMAP Project:] Plate Tectonic Animations (java)
*[http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/08/09/ancient-supercontinent-evidence-pangea_n_922366.html] by Dean Praetorius
 
===الملاحظات===
{{reflist|2}}
 
== مصادر ==
{{ثبت المراجع}}