افتح القائمة الرئيسية

تغييرات

تم إزالة 7٬307 بايت، ‏ قبل 7 سنوات
ط
clean up, وسوم بذرة أضاف
'''التصوير الجداري''' ، في الفنون التشكيلية يعتمد على [[الموزاييك]] و[[فسيفساء|الفسيفساء]] و[[زجاج معشق|الزجاج المعشق]] والملون وأنواعه المختلفة.
[[ملف:Capitole.jpg|تصغير|300px|Ceiling painting, by [[JeanAndré Rixens]]. Salle des Illustres, Le Capitole, [[Toulouse|Toulouse, France]].]]
{{بذرة فن}}
ان التصوير الجداري من الفنون القديمة والتي بدأت مع نشاة الحضارات
 
[[تصنيف:فنونفن تشكيلي]]
'''اللوحة الجدارية {{إنج|Mural}} ''' هي أي قطعة من الأعمال الفنية المرسومة أو المطبقة مباشرة على الجدار، السقف أو غيرها من الأسطح الكبيرة الدائمة والصفة المميزة الخاصة للوحة الجدارية هي أن تدمج بانسجام العناصر المعمارية للفضاء المعين في الصورة.
 
== لمحة تاريخية ==
 
{{stub}}
== التقنيات ==
[[ملف:Comersee Spalier rgb.jpg|تصغير|[[Computer aided mural|CAM]] designed [[Frescography]] by Rainer Maria Latzke, digitally printed on canvas]]
 
== دلالة اللوحات الجدارية ==
[[ملف:SBmural.jpg|تصغير|شمال|The [[San Bartolo (Maya site)|San Bartolo]] mural]]
[[ملف:Meister des Mahâjanaka Jâtaka 001.jpg|تصغير|شمال|[[Jataka]] tales from the [[Ajanta caves]], 7th century]]
 
== اللوحات الجدارية والسياسة ==
[[ملف:Derry mural 3.jpg|تصغير|شمال|An [[Irish republicanism|Irish republican]] mural by the [[Bogside Artists]] in [[Derry]]'s [[Bogside]], depicting [[Bernadette Devlin McAliskey]].]]
[[ملف:RiveraMuralNationalPalace.jpg|تصغير|شمال|[[Diego Rivera]]'s mural depicting [[Mexico]]'s history at the [[National Palace (Mexico)|National Palace]] in [[Mexico City]]]]
[[ملف:BardiaMural.jpg|تصغير|شمال|The [[Bardia Mural]], photographed in the 1960s, prior to its damage by defacement and the ravages of time.]]
[[ملف:Forestmural.jpg|تصغير|شمال|Forest mural by ''One Red Shoe'' in private home, England 2007]]
[[ملف:Chateau Thal library fresco complete.jpg|تصغير|شمال|Mural in the library of "le Château Thal", Kettenis, Belgium by [[Rainer Maria Latzke]], 1987]]
 
 
== لوحات جدارية بالقرميد ==
 
 
== أشهر رسامي اللوحات الجدارية ==
{|
|valign="top"|
*Carlos Almaraz
*Judy Baca
*[[بانكسي]]
*Arnold Belkin
*Freydoon Rassouli
*Thomas Hart Benton
*John T. Biggers
*Henry Bird
*Edwin Howland Blashfield
*Steve Bogdanoff
*[[جوتو دي بوندوني]]
*Gabriel Bracho
*Paul Cadmus
*Eleanor Coen
*John Steuart Curry
*Robert Dafford
|valign="top"|
*Santiago Martinez Delgado
*Faile
*Shepard Fairey
*Sadequain
*[[بييرو ديلا فرانشيسكا]]
*Os Gemeos
*Richard Haas
*Keith Haring
*Albert Henry Krehbiel
*Rainer Maria Latzke
*Michelle Loughery
*Tom Lea
*Michael Macaulay
*John Anton Mallin
|valign="top"|
*Andrea Mantegna
*Reginald Marsh
*Knox Martin
*Peter Max
*[[ميكيلانجيلو]]
*[[كلود مونيه]]
*Roberto Montenegro
*Frank Nuderscher
*Aarón Piña Mora
*Juan O'Gorman
*José Clemente Orozco
*Michael Kirby
*Diego Rivera
*Archie Rand
*[[رفائيل]]
*Graham Rust
|valign="top"|
*Conrad Schmitt
*David Alfaro Siqueiros
*Frank Stella
*Rufino Tamayo
*[[تيتيان]]
*Alton Tobey
*Kent Twitchell
*[[ليوناردو دا فينشي]]
*John Augustus Walker
*Henry Oliver Walker
*Lucia Wiley
*Robert Wyland
*Isaiah Zagar
|valign="top"|
|}
 
== معرض الصور ==
<center><gallery>
File:Painted mural in Boston, MA, 1992.jpg|Building, [[Boston]], [[Massachusetts]], about 1992
File:Wall Mural, Mt Ayr, IA Post Office, 1998.jpg|Orr C. Fischer, ''The Corn Parade,'' 1941, oil on canvas, [[Agriculture]]themed mural on wall of post office, [[Mount Ayr, Iowa]].<ref>{{cite web |url=http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/6702 |title=The Corn Parade |author= |date= |work=History Matters |publisher= [[George Mason University]] |accessdate=27 August 2010}}</ref>
</gallery></center>
 
== انظر أيضا ==
*[[انامورفوسيس]]
*[[*[[جرافيتي]]
*[[دعاوة]]
*[[واقعية اشتراكية]]
*[[ترمبلوي]]
 
== مراجع ==
{{ثبت المراجع}}
 
== قراءة إضافية ==
*{{cite book
| first=Bruce
| last=Campbell
| title=Mexican Murals in times of Crisis
| location=Tucson
| publisher=[[University of Arizona Press]]
| year=2003
| isbn=0816522391
}}
*{{cite book
| first=Leonard
| last=Folgarait
| title=Mural Painting and Social Revolution in Mexico, 19201940: Art of the New Order
| location=Cambridge
| publisher=[[Cambridge University Press]]
| year=1998
| isbn=0521581478
}}
*{{cite book
| first=E. Clive
| last=Rouse
| authorlink=E. Clive Rouse
| title=Mediaeval Wall Paintings
| location=Guildhall
| publisher=Shire Publications
| year=1996
}}
*{{cite book
| first=Oona
| last=Woods
| title=Seeing is Believing? Murals in Derry
| location=Guildhall
| publisher=Printing Press
| year=1995
| isbn=0946451311
}}
*{{cite book
| first= Rainer Maria
| last= Latzke
| title= Dreamworlds The making of a room with illusionary painting
| publisher=Monte Carlo Art Edition
| year=1999
| isbn=9783000279904
}}
 
* Tarantino, A (2011): ''Seattle Street Art A Visual Time Capsule Beyond Graffiti'', Createspace, ISBN 0-615-45190-X
 
== وصلات خارجية ==
{{تصنيف كومنز|Murals}}
<! please don't add links to individual mural artist, if they are as notable as Diego Rivera they should have their own article >
* [http://www.bikemural.org/muralprotection.html How to prepare a mural wall and protect the mural]
* [http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/murals/ Political Wall Murals in Northern Ireland]
* [http://www.panoramio.com/user/74349/tags/Mural More murals from Northern Ireland]
* [http://www.calpams.org/ Calpams]
* [http://murals.trompeloeil.info/ Murals.trompeloeil.info] French and European gate of murals: 10 000 pictures and 1100 murals
* [http://web.mac.com/mvbhaskar/iWeb/Naayakaa/Temple%20Mural%20Paintings.html Temple Mural Paintings of Tamilnadu]
* [http://nationalsocietyofmuralpainters.com/ The National Society of Mural Painters] (USA; founded 1895)
* [http://www.mural.ch/ International Index of Modern Muralism]
* [http://www.authenticmaya.com/maya_art.htm Ancient Maya Art]
* [http://www.pinturamural.esteticas.unam.mx Ancient Prehispanic Murals]
* [http://www.prestoungrange.org/prestoungrange_2006/index.html Global Murals Conference 2006 at Prestoungrange]
* [http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Mural_Decoration Mural Decoration] in 1911 Britannica
* [http://www.victoriansecrets.net/worcestermosaic.htm The Melville Shoe Mosaic, an early 20th century ceramic tile mural at 44 Hammond Street in Worcester, MA]
* [http://www.virtualbelfastmuraltour.com/ Take an online tour of the murals in Belfast, Northern Ireland]
* [http://www.frescography.com/archive/ The IOF archive: The world´s largest archive of murals and wall decors]
* [http://www.state.il.us/court/SupremeCourt/Historical/Artwork.asp ''Albert Krehbiel's murals at the Illinois Supreme Court Building'': The Third Branch A Chronicle of the Illinois Supreme Court; The History of the Illinois Supreme Court]
* [http://www.state.il.us/court/General/SlideShow.asp Slideshow of [[Albert Henry Krehbiel]]'s murals at the Illinois Supreme Court Building—Welcome to Illinois Courts]
 
[[تصنيف:فنون]]
[[تصنيف:رسم]]
 
[[als:Wandmalerei]]
[[bs:Mural]]
[[ca:Mural]]
[[cs:Nástěnná malba]]
[[da:Gavlmaleri]]
[[de:Wandmalerei]]
[[en:Mural]]
[[eo:Murpentraĵo]]
[[es:Mural]]
[[fa:نقاشی دیواری]]
[[fi:Seinämaalaus]]
[[fr:Peinture murale]]
[[he:ציור קיר]]
[[hr:Zidno slikarstvo]]
[[id:Mural]]
[[it:Murale]]
[[ja:壁画]]
[[ko:벽화]]
[[nl:Muurschildering]]
[[no:Veggmaleri]]
[[pl:Mural]]
[[pt:Muralismo]]
[[ro:Pictură murală]]
[[ru:Монументальная живопись]]
[[simple:Mural]]
[[sl:Stensko slikarstvo]]
[[sv:Muralmåleri]]
[[th:จิตรกรรมฝาผนัง]]
[[uk:Стінопис]]
[[zh:壁畫]]
1٬094٬860

تعديل