رباعي كلوريد الكربون: الفرق بين النسختين

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{{مصدر|تاريخ=أغسطس_2012}}
{{chembox
| Watchedfields = changed
| verifiedrevid = 410564234
| ImageFileL1 = Tetrachlormethan.svg
| ImageNameL1 = Structural formula of carbon tetrachloride
| ImageFileR1 = Carbon-tetrachloride-3D-vdW.png
| ImageNameR1 = Space-filling model carbon tetrachloride
| IUPACName = Tetrachloromethane
| OtherNames = Tetrachloromethane, Benziform, Benzinoform, Carbon chloride, Carbon tet, Freon 10, Halon 104, Methane tetrachloride, Perchloromethane, Tetraform, Tetrasol
| Section1 = {{Chembox Identifiers
| ChemSpiderID_Ref = {{chemspidercite|correct|chemspider}}
| ChemSpiderID = 5730
| UNII_Ref = {{fdacite|correct|FDA}}
| UNII = CL2T97X0V0
| InChIKey = VZGDMQKNWNREIO-UHFFFAOYAV
| ChEMBL_Ref = {{ebicite|correct|EBI}}
| ChEMBL = 44814
| StdInChI_Ref = {{stdinchicite|correct|chemspider}}
| StdInChI = 1S/CCl4/c2-1(3,4)5
| StdInChIKey_Ref = {{stdinchicite|correct|chemspider}}
| StdInChIKey = VZGDMQKNWNREIO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
| CASNo = 56-23-5
| CASNo_Ref = {{cascite|correct|CAS}}
| EINECS = 200-262-8
| PubChem = 5943
| SMILES = ClC(Cl)(Cl)Cl
| InChI = 1/CCl4/c2-1(3,4)5
| RTECS = FG4900000
| ChEBI_Ref = {{ebicite|correct|EBI}}
| ChEBI = 27385
| KEGG_Ref = {{keggcite|correct|kegg}}
| KEGG = C07561
| UNNumber = 1846
}}
| Section2 = {{Chembox Properties
| C = 1
| Cl = 4
| ExactMass = 153.872461
| Appearance = colourless liquid
| Odor = [[ether]]-like odor
| Density = 1.5867 g cm<sup>&minus;3</sup> (liquid)<br />
1.831 g cm<sup>&minus;3</sup> at &minus;186 °C (solid)<br />
1.809 g cm<sup>&minus;3</sup> at &minus;80 °C (solid)
| MeltingPtC = -22.92
| BoilingPtC = 76.72
| Solubility = 0.081 g/100 mL (25 °C)
| SolubleOther = soluble in [[alcohol]], [[ether]], [[chloroform]], [[benzene]], [[naphtha]], [[carbon disulfide|CS<sub>2</sub>]]
| LogP = 2.64
| VaporPressure = 11.94 kPa at 20 °C
| HenryConstant = 2.76x10<sup>-2</sup> atm-cu m/mol
| RefractIndex = 1.4601
}}
| Section3 = {{Chembox Structure
| CrystalStruct = [[Monoclinic]]
| Coordination =
| MolShape = [[Tetrahedron|Tetrahedral]]
}}
| Section4 = {{Chembox Hazards
| ExternalMSDS = [http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_icsc00/icsc0024.htm ICSC 0024]
| EUClass = [[Carcinogen|Carc. Cat. 3]]<br />Toxic ('''T''')<br />Dangerous for the environment ('''N''')
| EUIndex = 602-008-00-5
| NFPA-H = 3
| NFPA-F = 0
| NFPA-R = 0
| NFPA-O =
| RPhrases = {{R23/24/25}}, {{R40}}, {{R48/23}}, {{R59}}, {{R52/53}}
| SPhrases = {{S1/2}}, {{S23}}, {{S36/37}}, {{S45}}, {{S59}}, {{S61}}
| FlashPt = Not flammable
| Autoignition = 982 °C
| LD50 = 2350 mg/kg
}}
| Section5 = {{Chembox Thermochemistry
| DeltaHf = −135&nbsp;kJ·mol<sup>−1</sup>
| Entropy = 216&nbsp;J·mol<sup>−1</sup>·K<sup>−1</sup>
}}
| Section8 = {{Chembox Related
| Function = chloromethanes
| OtherCations = [[Silicon tetrachloride]]<br />[[Germanium tetrachloride]]<br />[[Tin tetrachloride]]<br />[[Lead tetrachloride]]
| OtherFunctn = [[Chloromethane]]<br />[[Dichloromethane]]<br />[[Chloroform]]
| OtherCpds = [[Tetrafluoromethane]]<br />[[Tetrabromomethane]]<br />[[Tetraiodomethane]]
}}
}}
 
 
'''رابع كلوريد الكربون''' {{إنج|Carbon tetrachloride}} هو عبارة عن سائل شفاف ذو رائحة مقبولة تشبه رائحة [[الكلوروفورم]] .يغلى عند درجة76م ولا يتأثر بالهواء الجوي كما هو الحال في الكلوروفورم. و يتشكل بارتباط اربع ذرات [[كلور]] بذرة [[كربون]].
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