تيار المحافظين الجدد: الفرق بين النسختين

تم إضافة 9٬136 بايت ، ‏ قبل 7 أشهر
ط (بوت:إضافة وصلة أرشيفية.)
| عمل = Slate
| مسار أرشيف = https://web.archive.org/web/20201207054044/https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2008/05/when-it-comes-to-foreign-policy-john-mccain-is-more-of-a-neocon-than-president-bush.html | تاريخ أرشيف = 7 ديسمبر 2020 }}</ref>
* [[ميتش ماكونيل]] -عضو السناتورمجلس الأمريكيالشيوخ من ولاية كنتاكي، زعيم أقليةالأقلية في مجلس الشيوخ،الشيوخ،كما سوطشغل غالبيةسابقًا مجلس الشيوخ السابق،منصب زعيم أغلبيةالأغلبية في مجلس الشيوخ السابق.<ref>{{استشهاد بخبر
| مسار = https://www.rollcall.com/news/congress/mcconnell-amendment-pits-gop-security-establishment-against-trump
| عنوان = McConnell amendment pits GOP security establishment against Trump
| عمل = The National Interest
| مسار أرشيف = https://web.archive.org/web/20201219104738/https://nationalinterest.org/feature/marco-rubio-the-neocon-man-15348 | تاريخ أرشيف = 19 ديسمبر 2020 }}</ref>
 
=== المسؤولون الحكوميون ===
[[ملف:William_Kristol_(33193185016).jpg|تصغير|ألقى [[وليام كريستول]] خطابًا في [[جامعة ولاية أريزونا]] مارس 2017]]
 
* [[إليوت أبرامز]] - مستشار السياسة الخارجية<ref name="Bernstein">{{cite web
| url = http://www.latimes.com/news/la-me-irving-kristol19-2009sep19-story.html
| title = Irving Kristol dies at 89; godfather of neoconservatism
| date = 18 September 2009
| quote = many neoconservatives, such as Paul Wolfowitz, William Bennett, Richard Perle and Elliott Abrams
| author = Adam Bernstein
| newspaper = Los Angeles Times
}}</ref><ref>{{cite web
| url = https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2017/02/trumps-neocon-elliott-abrams/515784/
| title = Elliott Abrams: Trump's Neocon?
| date = 6 February 2017
| work = The Atlantic
}}</ref><ref>{{cite web
| url = https://www.politico.com/story/2019/01/25/elliott-abrams-envoy-venezuela-1128562
| title = Elliott Abrams, prominent D.C. neocon, named special envoy for Venezuela
| date = 25 January 2019
| work = Politico
}}</ref><ref>{{cite web
| url = https://www.counterpunch.org/2005/02/09/elliott-abrams-the-neocon-s-neocon/
| title = Elliott Abrams: the Neocon's Neocon
| date = 9 February 2005
| work = Counter Punch
}}</ref><ref name="How Neoconservatives Conquered Washington – and Launched a War">{{cite web
| url = http://www.antiwar.com/orig/lind1.html
| title = How Neoconservatives Conquered Washington – and Launched a War
| date = 10 April 2003
| work = Antiwar.com
}}</ref><ref name="Chechen Terrorists and the Neocons">{{cite web
| url = https://consortiumnews.com/2013/04/19/chechen-terrorists-and-the-neocons/
| title = Chechen Terrorists and the Neocons
| date = 19 April 2013
| work = Consortium News
}}</ref>
* [[كينيث أدلمان]] - المدير السابق لوكالة الحد من التسلح ونزع السلاح<ref name="Chechen Terrorists and the Neocons" />
* [[وليام بينيت]] - الرئيس السابق للصندوق الوطني للعلوم الإنسانية ، والمدير السابق للسياسة الوطنية لمكافحة المخدرات ووزير التعليم الأمريكي السابق<ref name="Bernstein" /><ref>Edward B. Fiske, [https://www.nytimes.com/1985/12/22/magazine/reagan-s-man-for-education.html?pagewanted=all Reagan's Man for Education], ''New York Times'' (22 December 1985): "Bennett's scholarly production has consisted primarily of articles in neo-conservative journals like Commentary, Policy Review and The Public Interest."</ref>
* [[جون بولتون|جون ر. بولتون]] - سفير سابق لدى الأمم المتحدة ، و [[مستشار الأمن القومي الأمريكي|مستشار الأمن القومي]] ؛<ref>{{cite journal|url=http://content.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1685063,00.html|title=John Bolton: The Angriest Neocon|date=16 November 2007|journal=Time|last1=Zagorin|first1=Adam}}</ref> على الرغم من أنه يرفض المصطلح<ref>Jacob Heilbrun, [https://books.google.com/books?id=GqZ_JSy-QOkC&pg=PA266&lpg=PA266&dq=bolton+rejects+neocon&source=bl&ots=5DgjAZe19e&sig=nuhCFTjDwE75FX-n-hZz4t0v_tA&hl=en&ei=PCRlSvy9HpuitgeqjZiyAg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1 They Knew They Were Right], Random House (2008), p. 266.</ref>
* [[ألين أ. كوهن|إليوت أ. كوهين]] - مستشار سابق بوزارة الخارجية ، والآن أستاذ روبرت إي أوسجود للدراسات الاستراتيجية في كلية بول إتش نيتز للدراسات الدولية المتقدمة بجامعة جونز هوبكنز<ref>{{cite web
| url = http://rightweb.irc-online.org/profile/Cohen_Eliot/
| title = Cohen, Eliot
| date = 30 January 2017
| work = Right Web
| publisher = Institute for Policy Studies
| quote = Eliot Cohen, a professor of strategic studies at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), has been an important supporter of neoconservative-led foreign policy campaigns. Sometimes touted as 'the most influential neocon in academe,' Cohen had multiple roles in the George W. Bush administration ...
}}</ref><ref name="Return of the Neocons: Trump's Surprising Cabinet Candidates">{{cite web
| url = http://www.thefiscaltimes.com/2016/11/17/Return-Neocons-Trump-s-Surprising-Cabinet-Candidates
| title = Return of the Neocons: Trump's Surprising Cabinet Candidates
| date = 17 November 2016
| work = The Fiscal Times
}}</ref>
* [[دوغلاس ج. فيث]] - وكيل وزارة الدفاع السابق للسياسة<ref name="How Neoconservatives Conquered Washington – and Launched a War" />
* [[فرانك جافني]] - القائم بأعمال مساعد وزير الدفاع لشؤون الأمن الدولي ، مؤسس ورئيس مركز السياسات الأمنية<ref name="Return of the Neocons: Trump's Surprising Cabinet Candidates" /><ref name="Chechen Terrorists and the Neocons" /><ref name="As Green as a Neocon">{{cite web
| url = https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2005/01/neocons-who-drive-priuses.html
| title = As Green as a Neocon
| date = 25 January 2005
| work = Slate
}}</ref>
* [[جين كيركباتريك]] - سفيرة سابقة لدى الأمم المتحدة<ref>{{cite web
| url = https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/02/09/AR2007020901129.html
| title = Jeane J. Kirkpatrick; U.N. Ambassador Upheld Reagan Doctrine
| date = 9 December 2006
| quote = Kirkpatrick became a neoconservative in the 1970s and then a Republican Party stalwart.
| author = Joe Holley
| newspaper = Washington Post
}}</ref>
* [[وليام كريستول]] - [[رئيس ديوان نائب رئيس الولايات المتحدة]] ، مؤسس مشارك ورئيس تحرير سابق لـ "[[المعيار الإسبوعي (مجلة)|The Weekly Standard]]" ، أستاذ الفلسفة السياسية والسياسة الأمريكية ومستشار سياسي<ref>{{cite web
| url = https://townhall.com/columnists/jackkerwick/2016/05/26/bill-kristol-a-neoconservative-not-a-conservative-n2168923
| title = Bill Kristol: A Neoconservative, Not a Conservative
| date = 26 May 2016
| work = Townhall
}}</ref><ref name="Drezner">Daniel W. Drezner, [https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/posteverything/wp/2017/12/12/who-belongs-in-the-anti-trump-coalition/ Who belongs in the anti-Trump coalition?], ''Washington Post'' (12 December 2017): "[Kristol] is hardly the only neoconservative to fall into this category; see, for example, Peter Wehner or Jennifer Rubin."</ref>
* [[لويس ليبي]] - رئيس الأركان السابق لنائب رئيس الولايات المتحدة<ref>{{cite web
| url = http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/politics/2005/10/who_is_scooter_libby.html
| title = Who is Scooter Libby?
| date = 21 October 2005
| work = Slate
| quote = Libby is a neocon's neocon. He studied political science at Yale under former Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz and began working with his former teacher under Cheney at the Defense Department during the George H.W. Bush administration ...
| last = Dickerson
| first = John
}}</ref><ref name="How Neoconservatives Conquered Washington – and Launched a War" />
* [[ريتشارد بيرل]] - مساعد سابق لوزير الدفاع وجماعة ضغط<ref name="Bernstein" /><ref name="Chechen Terrorists and the Neocons" />
* [[بول ولفويتس]] - مسؤول سابق في وزارة الخارجية والدفاع<ref name="Bernstein" /><ref>{{cite web
| url = https://www.motherjones.com/politics/2015/05/jeb-bush-adviser-paul-wolfowitz
| title = The Jeb Bush Adviser Who Should Scare You
| date = 13 May 2015
| publisher = Mother Jones
| access-date = 12 June 2016
| author = David Corn
}}</ref><ref>{{cite web
| url = https://www.asiasentinel.com/politics/paul-wolfowitz-neocon-blueprint-us-strategic-action/
| title = Paul Wolfowitz's Neocon Blueprint for US Strategic Action
| date = 21 May 2019
| work = Asia Sentinel
}}</ref><ref name="How Neoconservatives Conquered Washington – and Launched a War" />
* [[روبرت جيمس وولسي جونيور|ر. جيمس وولسي جونيور]] - وكيل وزارة البحرية السابق ، والمدير السابق للاستخبارات المركزية ، وجماعة ضغط الطاقة الخضراء<ref>{{cite web
| url = http://rightweb.irc-online.org/profile/woolsey_james/
| title = Woolsey, James
| date = 5 January 2017
| work = Right Web
| publisher = Institute for Policy Studies
| quote = Woolsey blends Democratic Party domestic politics with advocacy for neoconservative foreign policy causes ... Like other neoconservatives, Woolsey is a staunch backer of Middle East policies similar to those of Israel's right-wing Likud Party
}}</ref><ref name="How Neoconservatives Conquered Washington – and Launched a War" /><ref name="Return of the Neocons: Trump's Surprising Cabinet Candidates" /><ref name="Chechen Terrorists and the Neocons" /><ref name="As Green as a Neocon" />
 
== مراجع ==