قائمة المسلمين السابقين: الفرق بين النسختين

تم إضافة 3٬367 بايت ، ‏ قبل شهرين
ط (بوت:إصلاح رابط (1))
وسم: مُسترجَع
* [[نيامكو سابوني]] سياسية سويدية من أصل بوروندي.<ref>{{استشهاد بخبر| مسار=https://www.nytimes.com/2007/01/12/world/europe/12iht-sweden.4187777.html | عمل=The New York Times | الأول=Sarah | الأخير=Lyall | تاريخ=January 12, 2007 | عنوان=Swedish politician's advice to immigrants? Try to fit in – Europe – International Herald Tribune| مسار أرشيف = https://web.archive.org/web/20190401100625/https://www.nytimes.com/2007/01/12/world/europe/12iht-sweden.4187777.html | تاريخ أرشيف = 1 أبريل 2019}}</ref>
* [[ساجد جاويد]] سياسي بريطاني يشغل حالياً منصب وزير الداخلية.<ref name=saj-quoted-religion>{{استشهاد بخبر|الأخير=Farley|الأول=Harry|مسار=https://www.christiantoday.com/article/sajid-javid-what-has-the-new-home-secretary-said-about-faith/128840.htm|عنوان=Sajid Javid: What has the new home secretary said about faith?|عمل=Christian Today|تاريخ=30 April 2018|تاريخ الوصول=30 April 2018| مسار أرشيف = https://web.archive.org/web/20190331204558/https://www.christiantoday.com/article/sajid-javid-what-has-the-new-home-secretary-said-about-faith/128840.htm | تاريخ أرشيف = 31 مارس 2019}}</ref>
* [[مصطفى كمال أتاتورك]] مؤسسَ تركيا الحديثة. كان من أنصار العلمانية والقومية. ربما كان ملحدًا أو لا أدريًا أو ربوبيًا ، لكنه كان بالتأكيد غير ديني.<ref>Reşat Kasaba, "Atatürk", ''The Cambridge history of Turkey: Volume 4: Turkey in the Modern World'', Cambridge University Press, 2008; {{ISBN|978-0-521-62096-3}} [{{Google books|plainurl=yes |id=iOoGH4GckQgC|page=163}} p. 163]; accessed 27 March 2015.</ref><ref>[{{Google books|plainurl=yes|id=kdXGAAAAQBAJ|page=84}} ''Political Islam in Turkey'' by Gareth Jenkins, Palgrave Macmillan, 2008, p. 84]; {{ISBN|0230612458}}</ref><ref>[{{Google books|plainurl=yes|id=DUal7eYmEnEC|page=106}} ''Atheism'', Brief Insights Series by Julian Baggini, Sterling Publishing Company, Inc., 2009; {{ISBN|1402768826}}, p. 106.]</ref><ref>[{{Google books|plainurl=yes|id=2gAjMuLivlQC|page=19}} Islamism: A Documentary and Reference Guide, John Calvert John, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2008; {{ISBN|0313338566}}, p. 19.]</ref><ref>...Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, founder of the secular Turkish Republic. He said: ''"I have no religion, and at times I wish all religions at the bottom of the sea..."'' [{{Google books|plainurl=yes|id=oXxXxBXewzgC|page=146}} The Antipodean Philosopher: Interviews on Philosophy in Australia and New Zealand, Graham Oppy, Lexington Books, 2011, {{ISBN|0739167936}}, p. 146.]</ref><ref>Phil Zuckerman, John R. Shook, The Oxford Handbook of Secularism, Oxford University Press, 2017, {{ISBN|0199988455}}, p. 167.</ref><ref>Tariq Ramadan, Islam and the Arab Awakening, Oxford University Press, 2012, {{ISBN|0199933731}}, p. 76.</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.radikal.com.tr/turkiye/ataturk-islam-icin-ne-dusunuyordu-791000/|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170722130231/http://www.radikal.com.tr/turkiye/ataturk-islam-icin-ne-dusunuyordu-791000/|archive-date=2017-07-22|title=Atatürk İslam için ne düşünüyordu? - Türkiye Haberleri - Radikal|date=July 22, 2017}}</ref><ref>On 1 November 1937, his speech in parliament he said: {{Cquote|It is known by the world that, in our state administration, our main program is the Republican People's Party program. The principles it covers are the main lines that illuminate us in management and politics. But these principles should never be held equal to the dogmas of books that are assumed to have descended from the sky. We have received our inspirations directly from life, not from sky or unseen. ''([https://www.tbmm.gov.tr/tarihce/ataturk_konusma/5d3yy.htm Atatürk'ün Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi'nin V. Dönem 3. Yasama Yılını Açış Konuşmaları], in Turkish)''}}</ref><ref>{{Cquote|Even before accepting the religion of the Arabs, the Turks were a great nation. After accepting the religion of the Arabs, this religion, didn't effect to combine the Arabs, the Persians and Egyptians with the Turks to constitute a nation. (This religion) rather, loosened the national nexus of Turkish nation, got national excitement numb. This was very natural. Because the purpose of the religion founded by Muhammad, over all nations, was to drag to an including Arab national politics. ''(Afet İnan, Medenî Bilgiler ve M. Kemal Atatürk'ün El Yazıları, Türk Tarih Kurumu, 1998, p. 364.<!-- ISBN needed -->)''}}</ref>
 
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