افتح القائمة الرئيسية

تغييرات

تم إضافة 22 بايت، ‏ قبل سنة واحدة
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|تسمية الخريطة = Saffarid dynasty at its greatest extent under [[يعقوب بن الليث الصفار]]
|العاصمة = [[زرنج]], in what is now modern-day [[أفغانستان]]
|لغات مشتركة = [[لغة فارسية]] [[لفة ساسية]] (<small>mother tongue</small>)<ref>"Persian Prose Literature." World Eras. 2002. HighBeam Research. (September 3, 2012);"''Princes, although they were often tutored in Arabic and religious subjects, frequently did not feel as comfortable with the Arabic language and preferred literature in Persian, which was either their mother tongue—as in the case of dynasties such as the Saffarids (861–1003), Samanids (873–1005), and Buyids (945–1055)...''". [https://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G2-3034700041.html] {{Webarchive|url=http://web.archive.org/web/20170701184317/https://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G2-3034700041.html |date=01 يوليو 2017}}</ref><ref>{{مرجع كتاب|الأخير1=Robinson|الأول1=Chase F.|العنوان=The new Cambridge history of Islam. Vol 1, Sixth to eleventh centuries|date=2009|الناشر=Cambridge Univ. Press.|المكان=Cambridge|isbn=978-0-521-83823-8|الصفحة=345|الطبعة=1. publ.|تاريخ الوصول=9 March 2017|quote=The Tahirids had made scant use of Persian, though the Saffarids used it considerably more. But under the Samanids Persian emerged as a full "edged language of literature and (to a lesser extent) administration. Court patronage was extended to Persian poets, including the great Rudaki (d. c. 940). Meanwhile Arabic continued to be used abundantly, for administration and for scientific, theo logical and philosophical discourse.}}</ref>
|الديانة = [[أهل السنة والجماعة]]
|العملة =
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