نقص بوتاسيوم الدم: الفرق بين النسختين

تم إضافة 4٬522 بايت ، ‏ قبل سنتين
ط
بوت:إزالة/إصلاح عنوان مرجع غير موجود
ط (بوت:الإبلاغ عن رابط معطوب أو مؤرشف V2.3 (تجريبي))
ط (بوت:إزالة/إصلاح عنوان مرجع غير موجود)
| field = [[طب حرج]]
| synonyms = Hypopotassaemia, hypopotassemia
| symptoms = [[إعياء]], leg cramps, weakness, [[إمساك (داء)]], [[اضطراب نظم قلبي]]<ref name=EU2010>{{cite journal|last1=Soar|first1=J|last2=Perkins|first2=GD|last3=Abbas|first3=G|last4=Alfonzo|first4=A|last5=Barelli|first5=A|last6=Bierens|first6=JJ|last7=Brugger|first7=H|last8=Deakin|first8=CD|last9=Dunning|first9=J|last10=Georgiou|first10=M|last11=Handley|first11=AJ|last12=Lockey|first12=DJ|last13=Paal|first13=P|last14=Sandroni|first14=C|last15=Thies|first15=KC|last16=Zideman|first16=DA|last17=Nolan|first17=JP|title=European Resuscitation Council Guidelines for Resuscitation 2010 Section 8. Cardiac arrest in special circumstances: Electrolyte abnormalities, poisoning, drowning, accidental hypothermia, hyperthermia, asthma, anaphylaxis, cardiac surgery, trauma, pregnancy, electrocution.|journal=Resuscitation|date=October 2010|volume=81|issue=10|pages=1400–33|pmid=20956045|doi=10.1016/j.resuscitation.2010.08.015}}</ref>
| symptoms = [[إعياء]], leg cramps, weakness, [[إمساك (داء)]], [[اضطراب نظم قلبي]]<ref name=EU2010/>
| complications = [[توقف القلب]]<ref name=EU2010>{{cite journal|last1=Soar|first1=J|last2=Perkins|first2=GD|last3=Abbas|first3=G|last4=Alfonzo|first4=A|last5=Barelli|first5=A|last6=Bierens|first6=JJ|last7=Brugger|first7=H|last8=Deakin|first8=CD|last9=Dunning|first9=J|last10=Georgiou|first10=M|last11=Handley|first11=AJ|last12=Lockey|first12=DJ|last13=Paal|first13=P|last14=Sandroni|first14=C|last15=Thies|first15=KC|last16=Zideman|first16=DA|last17=Nolan|first17=JP|title=European Resuscitation Council Guidelines for Resuscitation 2010 Section 8. Cardiac arrest in special circumstances: Electrolyte abnormalities, poisoning, drowning, accidental hypothermia, hyperthermia, asthma, anaphylaxis, cardiac surgery, trauma, pregnancy, electrocution.|journal=Resuscitation|date=October 2010|volume=81|issue=10|pages=1400–33|pmid=20956045|doi=10.1016/j.resuscitation.2010.08.015}}</ref>
| complications = [[توقف القلب]]<ref name=EU2010/>
| onset =
| duration =
| types =
| causes = [[إسهال]], medications like [[فوروسيميد]] and [[ستيرويد]]s, [[غسيل كلوي]], [[مرض السكري الكاذب]], [[فرط الألدوستيرونية]], [[نقص مغنيسيوم الدم]], not enough intake in the diet<ref name=EU2010>{{cite journal|last1=Soar|first1=J|last2=Perkins|first2=GD|last3=Abbas|first3=G|last4=Alfonzo|first4=A|last5=Barelli|first5=A|last6=Bierens|first6=JJ|last7=Brugger|first7=H|last8=Deakin|first8=CD|last9=Dunning|first9=J|last10=Georgiou|first10=M|last11=Handley|first11=AJ|last12=Lockey|first12=DJ|last13=Paal|first13=P|last14=Sandroni|first14=C|last15=Thies|first15=KC|last16=Zideman|first16=DA|last17=Nolan|first17=JP|title=European Resuscitation Council Guidelines for Resuscitation 2010 Section 8. Cardiac arrest in special circumstances: Electrolyte abnormalities, poisoning, drowning, accidental hypothermia, hyperthermia, asthma, anaphylaxis, cardiac surgery, trauma, pregnancy, electrocution.|journal=Resuscitation|date=October 2010|volume=81|issue=10|pages=1400–33|pmid=20956045|doi=10.1016/j.resuscitation.2010.08.015}}</ref>
| risks =
| diagnosis = Blood potassium < 3.5&nbsp;mmol/L<ref name=EU2010>{{cite journal|last1=Soar|first1=J|last2=Perkins|first2=GD|last3=Abbas|first3=G|last4=Alfonzo|first4=A|last5=Barelli|first5=A|last6=Bierens|first6=JJ|last7=Brugger|first7=H|last8=Deakin|first8=CD|last9=Dunning|first9=J|last10=Georgiou|first10=M|last11=Handley|first11=AJ|last12=Lockey|first12=DJ|last13=Paal|first13=P|last14=Sandroni|first14=C|last15=Thies|first15=KC|last16=Zideman|first16=DA|last17=Nolan|first17=JP|title=European Resuscitation Council Guidelines for Resuscitation 2010 Section 8. Cardiac arrest in special circumstances: Electrolyte abnormalities, poisoning, drowning, accidental hypothermia, hyperthermia, asthma, anaphylaxis, cardiac surgery, trauma, pregnancy, electrocution.|journal=Resuscitation|date=October 2010|volume=81|issue=10|pages=1400–33|pmid=20956045|doi=10.1016/j.resuscitation.2010.08.015}}</ref><ref name=Pat2006>{{cite book|last1=Pathy|first1=M.S. John|title=Principles and practice of geriatric medicine|date=2006|publisher=Wiley|location=Chichester [u.a.]|isbn=9780470090558|page=Appendix|edition=4.|url=http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/047009057X.app01/pdf|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20161001191413/http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/047009057X.app01/pdf|archivedate=2016-10-01|df=}}</ref>
| diagnosis = Blood potassium < 3.5&nbsp;mmol/L<ref name=EU2010/><ref name=Pat2006/>
| differential =
| prevention =
| treatment = Dietary change, supplements<ref name=Z2016>{{cite journal|last1=Zieg|first1=J|last2=Gonsorcikova|first2=L|last3=Landau|first3=D|title=Current views on the diagnosis and management of hypokalaemia in children.|journal=Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)|date=July 2016|volume=105|issue=7|pages=762–72|pmid=26972906|doi=10.1111/apa.13398}}</ref>
| treatment = Dietary change, supplements<ref name=Z2016/>
| medication =
| prognosis =
| frequency = 20% of people admitted to hospital<ref name=Ros2013>{{cite book|last1=Marx|first1=John|last2=Walls|first2=Ron|last3=Hockberger|first3=Robert|title=Rosen's Emergency Medicine - Concepts and Clinical Practice|date=2013|publisher=Elsevier Health Sciences|isbn=1455749877|page=1639|edition=8|url=https://books.google.ca/books?id=uggC0i_jXAsC&pg=PA1639|language=en|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20160815220721/https://books.google.ca/books?id=uggC0i_jXAsC&pg=PA1639|archivedate=2016-08-15|df=}}</ref>
| frequency = 20% of people admitted to hospital<ref name=Ros2013/>
| deaths =
}}'''نقص بوتاسيوم الدم''' {{إنج|Hypokalemia}} هي الحالة الطبية التي تصف انخفاض نسبة [[بوتاسيوم|البوتاسيوم]] في [[دم|الدم]]. البوتاسيوم [[عنصر]] أساسي في تركيب السوائل الحية، وبخاصة الدم، نقصه يسبب خللاً وظيفيًا في عمل الأجهزة العصبية كما يسبب اضطرابًا في دقات القلب قد يؤدي إلى [[لانظميات]] خطرة على الحياة.<br/>