الدولة الصفوية: الفرق بين النسختين

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{{ص.م بلد سابق
|الاسم_المحلي = سلسلۀ صفویۀ ایران
|الاسم_التقليدي_المطول = الدولة الصفوية<ref>[httphttps://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/516019/Safavid-dynasty Safavid dynasty | Iranian dynasty | Britannica.com<!-- عنوان مولد بالبوت -->]</ref><ref>"IRANIAN IDENTITY iii. MEDIEVAL ISLAMIC PERIOD
iii. MEDIEVAL ISLAMIC PERIOD" in Encyclopedia Iranica. <!-- Excerpt: "The Safavid kings called themselves, among other appellations, the “dog of the shrine of ʿAli” (kalb-e āstān-e ʿAli), while assuming the title of Šāhanšāh (the king of kings) of Iran.
" Even Ottoman sultans, when addressing the Āq Quyunlu and Safavid kings, used such titles as the “king of Persian lands” or the “sultan of the lands of Persia” or “the king of kings of Persia, the lord of the Persians” or the “holders of the glory of Jamšid and the vision of Faridun and the wisdom of Dārā.” They addressed Shah Esmaʿil as: “the king of Persian lands and the heir to Jamšid and Kay-ḵosrow” (Navāʾi, pp. [httphttps://books.google.com/books?q=%22Safavid+Persia%22]</ref>
|الاسم_الشائع = الصفويون
|القارة = أسيا
|المنطقة = الشرق الأوسط
|البلد = فارس (إيران الحديثة)<ref>httphttps://books.google.com/books?q=%22Safavid+Persia%22</ref>
|era =
|
|national_motto =
|النشيد =
|اللغة = [[لغة فارسية|الفارسية]] (رسمي<ref>Roemer, H. R. (1986). "The Safavid Period". ''The Cambridge History of Iran'', Vol. 6: The Timurid and Safavid Periods. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 189–350. ISBN 0-521-20094-6. <!-- Excerpt from Page 331:"Depressing though the condition in the country may have been at the time of the fall of Safavids, they cannot be allowed to overshadow the achievements of the dynasty, which was in many respects to prove essential factors in the development of Persia in modern times. These include the maintanence of Persian as the official language and of the present-day boundaries of the country, adherence to the Twelever Shi'i, the monarchical system, the planning and architectural feartures of the urban centers, the centralised administration of the state and the symbiosis of the Persian-speaking population with important non-Persian, especially Turkish speaking minorities" --></ref>، سك العملة<ref name="MatheeIranica">Rudi Matthee, "Safavids" in ''Encyclopædia Iranica'' accessed on April 4, 2010: [httphttps://www.iranica.com/articles/safavids]. <!-- Excerpts: "The Persian focus is also reflected in the fact that theological works also began to be composed in the Persian language and in that Persian verses replaced Arabic on the coins." and "The political system that emerged under them had overlapping political and religious boundaries and a core language, Persian, which served as the literary tongue, and even began to replace Arabic as the vehicle for theological discourse"</ref><ref>Ronald W. Ferrier, ''The Arts of Persia''. Yale University Press. 1989. pg 9</ref>، الإدارة المدنية<ref name="Perry">John R. Perry, "Turkic-Iranian contacts", ''Encyclopædia Iranica'', January 24, 2006. Excerpt: "..written Persian, the language of high literature and civil administration, remained virtually unaffected in status and content"</ref>،البلاط(عندما أصبحت اصفهان العاصمة)<ref>Cyril Glassé (ed.), ''The New Encyclopedia of Islam'', Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, revised ed., 2003, ISBN 0-7591-0190-6,Exceprt from: pg 392: "Shah Abbas moved his capital from [[قزوين]] to [[أصفهان (مدينة)|]]. His reigned marked the peak of Safavid dynasty's achievement in art, diplomacy, and commerce. It was probably around this time that the court, which originally spoke a Turkic language, began to use Persian" --></ref>،الفنون<ref name="Perry"/>، والآداب<ref name="MatheeIranica"/><ref>Arnold J. Toynbee, ''A Study of History'', V, pp. 514-15. <!-- excerpt: "in the heyday of the Mughal, Safawi, and Ottoman regimes New Persian was being patronized as the language of litterae humaniores by the ruling element over the whole of this huge realm, while it was also being employed as the official language of administration in those two-thirds of its realm that lay within the Safawi and the Mughal frontiers" --></ref>،الخطاب الديني<ref name="MatheeIranica"/>، المراسلات الدبلوماسية<ref name="mazzaoui"/>، الكتابة الإنشائية<ref name="mazzaoui"/>، علم التاريخ<ref name="mazzaoui"/>، المحاكم الدينية<ref>Ruda Jurdi Abisaab. "Iran and Pre-Independence Lebanon" in Houchang Esfandiar Chehabi, ''Distant Relations: Iran and Lebanon in the Last 500 Years'', I.B.Tauris, Published 2006. pg 76<!-- : "Although the Arabic language was still the medium for religious scholastic expression, it was precisely under the Safavids that hadith complications and doctrinal works of all sorts were being translated to Persian. The 'Amili (Lebanese scholars of Shi'i faith) operating through the Court-based religious posts, were forced to master the Persian language; their students translated their instructions into Persian. Persianization went hand in hand with the popularization of 'mainstream' Shi'i belief." --></ref>) و[[لغة أذرية]] (بلاط، الشخصيات الدينية، الجيش)<ref name="mazzaoui"/><ref name="savory07">{{مرجع كتاب
| الأخير = Savory
| الأول = Roger
| الناشر= Cambridge University Press
| الرقم المعياري = 0521042518, ISBN 978-0-521-04251-2
| مسار = httphttps://books.google.com/books?id=v4Yr4foWFFgC&pg=PA213
| الصفحات = 213
| quote = ''qizilbash normally spoke Azari brand of Turkish at court, as did the Safavid shahs themselves; lack of familiarity with the Persian language may have contributed to the decline from the pure classical standards of former times''
| الناشر= ABC-CLIO
| الرقم المعياري = 1576079937, ISBN 978-1-57607-993-5
| مسار = httphttps://books.google.com/books?id=gzpdq679oJwC&pg=PA66
| الصفحات = 66
| quote = ''The Shah was a native Turkic speaker and wrote poetry in the Azerbaijani language.''}}</ref>
* د [[علي محمد الصلابي]]، '''الدولة العثمانية عوامل النهوض والسقوط''' دار المعرفة. بيروت. ISBN 9953-446-15-6
* Islam: Kunst und Architektur
* [httphttps://www.hukam.net/family.php?fam=74 الصفويون]
 
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