افتح القائمة الرئيسية

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تم إزالة 936 بايت ، ‏ قبل سنتين
لا يوجد ملخص تحرير
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| title = بلدان اخرى:
| {{علم|الاتحاد السوفييتي}}, {{علم|روسيا}} (ادعاء تركي)
| {{علم|الاتحاد السوفييتي}} <ref name="Faucompret"/><ref>{{مرجع كتاب|الأخير=Shapir|الأول=Yiftah|العنوان=The Middle East Military Balance, 1996|سنة=1998|الناشر=Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies, Tel Aviv University|مكان=Jerusalem, Israel|الرقم المعياري=9780231108928|الصفحة=114|quote=The PKK was originally established as a Marxist party, with ties to the Soviet Union}}</ref>
| {{علم|قبرص}}<ref name="Faucompret">{{مرجع كتاب|الأخير=Faucompret|الأول=Erik|العنوان=Turkish Accession to the EU: Satisfying the Copenhagen Criteria|سنة=2008|الناشر=Taylor & Francis|مكان=Hoboken|الرقم المعياري=9780203928967|الصفحة=168|المؤلفين المشاركين=Konings, Jozef|quote=The Turkish establishment considered the Kurds' demand for the recognition of their identity a threat to the territorial integrity of the state, the more so because the PKK was supported by countries hostile to Turkey: Soviet Union, Greece, Cyprus, Iran and especially Syria. Syria hosted the organization and its leader for twenty years, and it provided training facilities in the Beka'a Valley of Syrian-controlled northern Lebanon.}}</ref>
| {{علم|العراق}}<ref name="Mannes">{{مرجع كتاب|الأخير=Mannes|الأول=Aaron|العنوان=Profiles In Terror: The Guide To Middle East Terrorist Organizations|سنة=2004|الناشر=Rowman & Littlefield Publishers|مكان=Lanham, Maryland|الرقم المعياري=9780742535251|الصفحة=185|quote=PKK has had substantial operations in northern Iraq, with the support of Iran and Syria.}}</ref><ref>{{استشهاد بخبر|title=N. Iraq: A New Page in Foreign Policy|url=http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/default.aspx?pageid=438&n=n.-iraq-a-new-page-in-foreign-policy-1998-11-15|accessdate=17 October 2012|newspaper=Hurriyet Daily News|date=15 November 1998}}</ref>
| {{علم|إيران}}<ref name="Faucompret"/><ref>{{مرجع كتاب|الأخير=Phillips|الأول=David L.|العنوان=From Bullets to Ballots: Violent Muslim Movements in Transition|سنة=2009|الناشر=Transaction Publishers|مكان=New Brunswick, N.J.|الرقم المعياري=9781412812016|الصفحة=129|quote=Iran's Revolutionary Guards (Pasdaran) trained the PKK in Lebanon's Beka'a Valley. Iran supported the PKK despite Turkey's strict neutrality during the Iran-Iraq War (1980–1988).}}</ref><ref name="telegraph">{{استشهاد بخبر|title=Syria and Iran 'backing Kurdish terrorist group', says Turkey|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/turkey/9518194/Syria-and-Iran-backing-Kurdish-terrorist-group-says-Turkey.html|accessdate=17 October 2012|newspaper=The Telegraph|date=3 September 2012}}</ref>
| {{علم|روسيا}} (ادعاء تركي)<ref>{{مرجع كتاب|الأخير=Bilgin|الأول=Fevzi|العنوان=Understanding Turkey's Kurdish Question|سنة=2013|الناشر=Lexington Books|الرقم المعياري=9780739184035|الصفحة=96|المؤلفين المشاركين=Sarihan. Ali|quote=The USSR, and then Russia, also supported the PKK for many years.}}</ref><ref>{{استشهاد بخبر|title=Russian newspaper: Russia provided money for PKK|url=http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/default.aspx?pageid=438&n=russian-newspaper-russia-provided-money-for-pkk-2000-02-28|accessdate=17 October 2012|newspaper=Hurriyet Daily News|date=28 February 2000}}</ref><ref>{{استشهاد بخبر|title=Turkey devises action plan to dry up PKK’s foreign support|url=http://www.todayszaman.com/news-223048-102-turkey-devises-action-plan-to-dry-up-pkks-foreign-support.html|accessdate=23 July 2013|newspaper=[[زمان (صحيفة)]]|date=30 September 2010}}</ref>
| {{علم|بلغاريا}}<ref>Turkey in World Politics: An Emerging Multiregional Power, 2001. Page 58</ref>
| {{رمز علم|Palestine}} [[منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية]]<ref>[http://books.google.com/books?id=c9qW8LPiY38C&pg=PA61&dq=pkk+armenia&hl=en&sa=X&ei=pXLrUdOLOPau4AO7lIHIBQ&ved=0CEUQ6AEwBTgK#v=onepage&q=pkk%20armenia&f=false Crime-Terror Alliances and the State: Ethnonationalist and Islamist Challenges to Regional Security] p. 61</ref>
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