افتح القائمة الرئيسية

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تم إزالة 4٬482 بايت ، ‏ قبل 4 سنوات
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| implemented by the [[لجنة الأمم المتحدة الاقتصادية لأوروبا]]<ref name="unlocode">{{cite web| url=http://www.unece.org/cefact/locode/unlocode_manual.pdf| title=UN/LOCODE Manual| publisher=United Nations Economic Commission for Europe}}</ref>
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===تطبيقات ناقصة===
Starting in 1985, ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes have been used in the [[نظام أسماء النطاقات]] as [[النطاق الأعلى في ترميز الدولة]]s (ccTLDs). The [[أيانا]] currently assigns the ccTLDs mostly following the alpha-2 codes, but with a few exceptions.<ref>{{cite web| url=http://www.iana.org/domains/root/db/| title=IANA – Root Zone Database| publisher=Internet Assigned Numbers Authority}}</ref> For example, the [[المملكة المتحدة]], whose alpha-2 code is <tt>GB</tt>, uses [[.uk]] instead of [[.gb]] as its ccTLD, as <tt>UK</tt> is currently [[#Exceptional reservations|exceptionally reserved]] in ISO 3166-1 on the request of the United Kingdom.
 
The [[المنظمة العالمية للملكية الفكرية]] coding standard ST.3 is based on ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes, but includes a number of additional codes for international [[intellectual property organization]]s, which are currently [[#Codes currently agreed not to use|reserved and not used at the present stage]] in ISO 3166-1.<ref>{{cite web| url=http://www.wipo.int/standards/en/pdf/03-03-01.pdf | title=Standard ST.3 – Recommended standard on two-letter codes for the representation of states, other entities and intergovernmental organizations| work=Handbook on Industrial Property Information and Documentation| pages=3.3.1–3.3.9| تاريخ=أبريل 2007| publisher=World Intellectual Property Organization}}</ref>
 
The [[المفوضية الأوروبية]] generally uses ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes with two exceptions: <tt>EL</tt> (not <tt>GR</tt>) is used to represent [[اليونان]], and <tt>UK</tt> (not <tt>GB</tt>) is used to represent the [[المملكة المتحدة]].<ref>{{cite web| url=http://publications.europa.eu/code/en/en-370100.htm| title=Publications Office – Interinstitutional style guide – Countries| publisher=European Union}}</ref> This notwithstanding, the ''Official Journal of the European Communities'' specified that <tt>GR</tt> and <tt>GB</tt> be used to represent the Greece and United Kingdom respectively.<ref>{{cite web| url=http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:1998:335:0022:0029:EN:PDF| title=Commission Regulation (EC) No 2645/98 of 9 December 1998 on the nomenclature of countries and territories for the external trade statistics of the Community and statistics of trade between Member States| work=Official Journal of the European Communities, L 335| pages=22–29| date=1998-12-10| publisher=European Union}}</ref> For [[ضريبة على القيمة المضافة]] administration purposes, the [[المفوضية الأوروبية]] uses [[VAT identification number#European Union VAT identification numbers|<tt>EL</tt> and <tt>GB</tt> for Greece and the United Kingdom respectively.]]
 
The [[الأمم المتحدة]] uses a combination of ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and [[أيزو 3166-1 حرفي-3]] codes, along with codes that pre-date the creation of ISO 3166, for [[List of international vehicle registration codes|international vehicle registration codes]], which are codes used to identify the issuing country of a vehicle registration plate; some of these codes are currently [[#Indeterminate reservations|indeterminately reserved]] in ISO 3166-1.<ref>{{cite web| url=http://www.unece.org/trans/conventn/Distsigns.pdf| title=Distinguishing signs used on vehicles in international traffic| publisher=United Nations Economic Commission for Europe}}</ref>
 
[[IETF language tag]]s (conforming to the BCP 47 standard track and maintained in an [[أيانا]] registry) are also partially derived from ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes (for the region subtags). The full list of ISO 3166-1 codes assigned to countries and territories are usable as region subtags. Also, the "exceptionally reserved" alpha-2 codes defined in ISO 3166-1 (with the exception of <tt>UK</tt>) are also usable as region subtags for language tags. However, newer stability policies (agreed with ISO) have been implemented to avoid deleting subtags that have been withdrawn in ISO 3166-1 ; instead they are kept and aliased to the new preferred subtags, or kept as subtags grouping several countries. Some other region grouping subtags are derived from other standards. Under the newer stability policies, old assigned codes that have been withdrawn from ISO 3166-1 should no longer be reassigned to another country or territory (like it occurred in the past for "CS").
 
==الرموز الحالية==