يهودا (مقاطعة رومانية)
(بالتحويل من اليهودية (مقاطعة رومانية))
- Schäfer، Peter (2 September 2003). The History of the Jews in the Greco-Roman World: The Jews of Palestine from Alexander the Great to the Arab Conquest. Routledge. صفحة 131. ISBN 1-134-40316-X. مؤرشف من الأصل في 15 ديسمبر 2019.
[From 74 to 123 CE] The consequences of the first great war of the Jews against Rome were extremely far-reaching and their significance for the future history of Judaism can hardly be over-estimated. The immediate political consequences were drastic. As has already been mentioned, before the war Judaea was a Roman province of the third category, that is, under the administration of a procurator of equestrian rank and under the overall control of the governor of Syria. After the war it became an independent Roman province with the official name of Judaea and under the administration of a governor of praetorian rank, and was therefore moved up into the second category (it was only later, in about 120 CE, that Judaea became a consular province, that is, with a governor of consular rank). This new status of the province also implies that a standing legion was stationed in Judaea, namely, the legio X Fretensis, which had also taken part in the war. The headquarters of the 10th legion was the totally destroyed Jerusalem; the governor resided with parts of the 10th legion in Caesarea (Maritima), which Vespasian had converted into a Roman colony. (p. 131 at Google Books)
- Ben-Sasson، Haim Hillel (1976). A History of the Jewish People. Harvard University Press. صفحة 246. ISBN 978-0-674-39731-6. مؤرشف من الأصل في 3 يوليو 2019. اطلع عليه بتاريخ 04 سبتمبر 2013.
When Archelaus was deposed from the ethnarchy in 6 CE, Judea proper, Samaria and Idumea were converted into a Roman province under the name Iudaea.
- Jewish War 1.14.4: ماركوس أنطونيوس "... then resolved to get him made king of the Jews ... told them that it was for their advantage in the Parthian war that Herod should be king; so they all gave their votes for it. And when the senate was separated, Antony and أغسطس (إمبراطور) went out, with Herod between them; while the قنصل and the rest of the رجل قضاء went before them, in order to offer sacrifices [to the Roman gods], and to lay the decree in the Capitol. Antony also made a feast for Herod on the first day of his reign." نسخة محفوظة 24 يوليو 2017 على موقع واي باك مشين.